The effects of diet- and RYGB-induced weight loss on insulin sensitivity in obese patients with and without type 2 diabetes

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Standard

The effects of diet- and RYGB-induced weight loss on insulin sensitivity in obese patients with and without type 2 diabetes. / Hansen, Merethe; Lund, Michael Taulo; Jørgensen, Anne Line Kjærholm; Palsøe, Marie Kroman; van Hall, Gerrit; Helge, Jørn Wulff; Dela, Flemming.

I: Acta Diabetologica, Bind 53, Nr. 3, 06.2016, s. 423–432.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Hansen, M, Lund, MT, Jørgensen, ALK, Palsøe, MK, van Hall, G, Helge, JW & Dela, F 2016, 'The effects of diet- and RYGB-induced weight loss on insulin sensitivity in obese patients with and without type 2 diabetes', Acta Diabetologica, bind 53, nr. 3, s. 423–432. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00592-015-0812-2

APA

Hansen, M., Lund, M. T., Jørgensen, A. L. K., Palsøe, M. K., van Hall, G., Helge, J. W., & Dela, F. (2016). The effects of diet- and RYGB-induced weight loss on insulin sensitivity in obese patients with and without type 2 diabetes. Acta Diabetologica, 53(3), 423–432. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00592-015-0812-2

Vancouver

Hansen M, Lund MT, Jørgensen ALK, Palsøe MK, van Hall G, Helge JW o.a. The effects of diet- and RYGB-induced weight loss on insulin sensitivity in obese patients with and without type 2 diabetes. Acta Diabetologica. 2016 jun;53(3):423–432. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00592-015-0812-2

Author

Hansen, Merethe ; Lund, Michael Taulo ; Jørgensen, Anne Line Kjærholm ; Palsøe, Marie Kroman ; van Hall, Gerrit ; Helge, Jørn Wulff ; Dela, Flemming. / The effects of diet- and RYGB-induced weight loss on insulin sensitivity in obese patients with and without type 2 diabetes. I: Acta Diabetologica. 2016 ; Bind 53, Nr. 3. s. 423–432.

Bibtex

@article{935174ba449440ef9a4fcd5fcbe2fedb,
title = "The effects of diet- and RYGB-induced weight loss on insulin sensitivity in obese patients with and without type 2 diabetes",
abstract = "AIMS: The impact of diet-induced weight loss and weight loss due to RYGB in patients with (T2DM, N = 16) and without (OB, N = 27) type 2 diabetes was studied.METHODS: At inclusion (A), after diet-induced weight loss (B), 4 months post-surgery (C) and 18 months post-surgery (D) body composition, hepatic glucose production (HGP), insulin-mediated glucose uptake (GIR), respiratory exchange ratio, hepatic insulin sensitivity and clearance were determined. GLUT4, intramuscular triglycerides (IMTG) and glycogen content were measured in skeletal muscle.RESULTS: Weight loss was 35-40 kg, and approximately one-third of the total improvement in GIR in T2DM was observed after the diet-induced weight loss of only ~6 kg (B). Insulin clearance, visceral fat and fasting plasma insulin also improved significantly after the diet (P < 0.05). Throughout the study, HGP, GLUT4 and glycogen content did not change significantly, but IMTG decreased significantly consistent with significant increases in GIR. Metabolic flexibility and hepatic insulin sensitivity improved after RYGB.CONCLUSIONS: Metabolic improvements of RYGB are present already after the diet-induced weight loss prior to surgery. GLUT4 content in skeletal muscle cannot and IMTG content can only partly explain increases in GIR after RYGB.",
author = "Merethe Hansen and Lund, {Michael Taulo} and J{\o}rgensen, {Anne Line Kj{\ae}rholm} and Pals{\o}e, {Marie Kroman} and {van Hall}, Gerrit and Helge, {J{\o}rn Wulff} and Flemming Dela",
year = "2016",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1007/s00592-015-0812-2",
language = "English",
volume = "53",
pages = "423–432",
journal = "Acta Diabetologica",
issn = "0940-5429",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effects of diet- and RYGB-induced weight loss on insulin sensitivity in obese patients with and without type 2 diabetes

AU - Hansen, Merethe

AU - Lund, Michael Taulo

AU - Jørgensen, Anne Line Kjærholm

AU - Palsøe, Marie Kroman

AU - van Hall, Gerrit

AU - Helge, Jørn Wulff

AU - Dela, Flemming

PY - 2016/6

Y1 - 2016/6

N2 - AIMS: The impact of diet-induced weight loss and weight loss due to RYGB in patients with (T2DM, N = 16) and without (OB, N = 27) type 2 diabetes was studied.METHODS: At inclusion (A), after diet-induced weight loss (B), 4 months post-surgery (C) and 18 months post-surgery (D) body composition, hepatic glucose production (HGP), insulin-mediated glucose uptake (GIR), respiratory exchange ratio, hepatic insulin sensitivity and clearance were determined. GLUT4, intramuscular triglycerides (IMTG) and glycogen content were measured in skeletal muscle.RESULTS: Weight loss was 35-40 kg, and approximately one-third of the total improvement in GIR in T2DM was observed after the diet-induced weight loss of only ~6 kg (B). Insulin clearance, visceral fat and fasting plasma insulin also improved significantly after the diet (P < 0.05). Throughout the study, HGP, GLUT4 and glycogen content did not change significantly, but IMTG decreased significantly consistent with significant increases in GIR. Metabolic flexibility and hepatic insulin sensitivity improved after RYGB.CONCLUSIONS: Metabolic improvements of RYGB are present already after the diet-induced weight loss prior to surgery. GLUT4 content in skeletal muscle cannot and IMTG content can only partly explain increases in GIR after RYGB.

AB - AIMS: The impact of diet-induced weight loss and weight loss due to RYGB in patients with (T2DM, N = 16) and without (OB, N = 27) type 2 diabetes was studied.METHODS: At inclusion (A), after diet-induced weight loss (B), 4 months post-surgery (C) and 18 months post-surgery (D) body composition, hepatic glucose production (HGP), insulin-mediated glucose uptake (GIR), respiratory exchange ratio, hepatic insulin sensitivity and clearance were determined. GLUT4, intramuscular triglycerides (IMTG) and glycogen content were measured in skeletal muscle.RESULTS: Weight loss was 35-40 kg, and approximately one-third of the total improvement in GIR in T2DM was observed after the diet-induced weight loss of only ~6 kg (B). Insulin clearance, visceral fat and fasting plasma insulin also improved significantly after the diet (P < 0.05). Throughout the study, HGP, GLUT4 and glycogen content did not change significantly, but IMTG decreased significantly consistent with significant increases in GIR. Metabolic flexibility and hepatic insulin sensitivity improved after RYGB.CONCLUSIONS: Metabolic improvements of RYGB are present already after the diet-induced weight loss prior to surgery. GLUT4 content in skeletal muscle cannot and IMTG content can only partly explain increases in GIR after RYGB.

U2 - 10.1007/s00592-015-0812-2

DO - 10.1007/s00592-015-0812-2

M3 - Journal article

VL - 53

SP - 423

EP - 432

JO - Acta Diabetologica

JF - Acta Diabetologica

SN - 0940-5429

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 146737527