Separate and combined effects of long-term GIP and GLP-1 receptor activation in patients with type 2 diabetes: a structured summary of a study protocol for a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled clinical trial

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Introduction Due to reports of severely reduced insulinotropic effect of the incretin hormone glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) in type 2 diabetes (T2D), GIP has not been considered therapeutically viable. Recently, however, tirzepatide, a novel dual incretin receptor agonist (activating the GIP receptor and the glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) receptor) has demonstrated greater glucose and body weight-lowering properties as compared to GLP-1 receptor agonist therapy. The contribution of GIP receptor activation to effects of tirzepatide remains unknown. We will evaluate the glucose-lowering effect of exogenous GIP in the context of pharmacological GLP-1 receptor activation in patients with T2D. Methods and analysis In this randomised, double-blind, four-arm parallel, placebo-controlled trial, 60 patients with T2D will be included (18-74 of age; on diet and exercise and/or metformin therapy only; glycated haemoglobin 6.5-10.5% (48-91 mmol/mol)). Participants will be randomised to an 8-week run-in period with subcutaneous (s.c.) placebo or semaglutide injections once-weekly (0.5 mg). Participants will then be randomised to 6 weeks' add-on treatment with continuous s.c. placebo or GIP infusion (16 pmol/kg/min). The primary endpoint is change in mean glucose levels (assessed by 14-day continuous glucose monitoring) from the end of the run-in period to end of trial. Ethics and dissemination The present study was approved by the Regional Committee on Health Research Ethics in the Capitol Region of Denmark (identification no. H-20070184) and by the Danish Medicines Agency (EudraCT no. 2020-004774-22). All results, positive, negative and inconclusive, will be disseminated at national and/or international scientific meetings and in peer-reviewed scientific journals.

TidsskriftBMJ Open
Udgave nummer2
Antal sider5
StatusUdgivet - 2023

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the investigator-sponsored studies programme of Novo Nordisk under universal trial number U1111-1259-1491. The grant is received as pure support without any obligation with Novo Nordisk and covers the expenses of the study. The investigators are all employed at University Hospital, University of Copenhagen and/or University of Copenhagen.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Author(s) (or their employer(s)). Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.

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