Self-reported intake of fruit and vegetables and risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A nation-wide twin study

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Self-reported intake of fruit and vegetables and risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease : A nation-wide twin study. / Meteran, Howraman; Thomsen, Simon Francis; Miller, Martin R.; Hjelmborg, Jacob; Sigsgaard, Torben; Backer, Vibeke.

I: Respiratory Medicine, Bind 144, 11.2018, s. 16-21.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Meteran, H, Thomsen, SF, Miller, MR, Hjelmborg, J, Sigsgaard, T & Backer, V 2018, 'Self-reported intake of fruit and vegetables and risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A nation-wide twin study', Respiratory Medicine, bind 144, s. 16-21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rmed.2018.09.013

APA

Meteran, H., Thomsen, S. F., Miller, M. R., Hjelmborg, J., Sigsgaard, T., & Backer, V. (2018). Self-reported intake of fruit and vegetables and risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A nation-wide twin study. Respiratory Medicine, 144, 16-21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rmed.2018.09.013

Vancouver

Meteran H, Thomsen SF, Miller MR, Hjelmborg J, Sigsgaard T, Backer V. Self-reported intake of fruit and vegetables and risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A nation-wide twin study. Respiratory Medicine. 2018 nov;144:16-21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rmed.2018.09.013

Author

Meteran, Howraman ; Thomsen, Simon Francis ; Miller, Martin R. ; Hjelmborg, Jacob ; Sigsgaard, Torben ; Backer, Vibeke. / Self-reported intake of fruit and vegetables and risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease : A nation-wide twin study. I: Respiratory Medicine. 2018 ; Bind 144. s. 16-21.

Bibtex

@article{b64e8109236a46fca012b381764254cd,
title = "Self-reported intake of fruit and vegetables and risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A nation-wide twin study",
abstract = "Background: Although smoking is the major risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) many patients with obstructive lung function suggesting COPD are never-smokers. Therefore, other lifestyle factors have been suggested as risk factors. Aims: i) To examine the association between self-reported intake of fruit and vegetables and risk of COPD and ii) to examine whether the association between these traits are due to underlying genetic factors. Methods: 12,449 twins, aged 40-80, from the Danish Twin Registry were recruited. The participants completed a questionnaire on medical history and lifestyle factors and participated in clinical examination. COPD was defined according to ATS/ERS recommendations. Multivariate logistic regressions were used to estimate the risk of COPD in individuals with a low intake of fruit and vegetables. Co-twin control analyses were performed to examine whether the association between fruit and vegetables and COPD is explained by genetic factors. Self-reported physician-diagnosed asthmatic individuals were excluded. Results: Of the 11,458 individuals were included in the analyses, 48{\%} of the participants were males. Mean age was 58.9 (years) +/- SD 9.6, mean BMI (kg/m(2)) 26.6 +/- SD 4.4. A multivariate logistic regression, including sex, age and BMI showed that both smoking, no and heavy drinking and physical inactivity were independent predictors of COPD. There was a significant frequency-pendent association between intake of fruit and vegetables and increased risk of COPD. Conditional logistic regression analyses showed that the association might be controlled by genetic factors. Conclusions: This study shows that low intake of fruit and vegetables is associated with an increased risk of COPD and the association might be under influence of genetic factors.",
keywords = "COPD, Fruit, Vegetables, Twin studies",
author = "Howraman Meteran and Thomsen, {Simon Francis} and Miller, {Martin R.} and Jacob Hjelmborg and Torben Sigsgaard and Vibeke Backer",
year = "2018",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1016/j.rmed.2018.09.013",
language = "English",
volume = "144",
pages = "16--21",
journal = "Respiratory Medicine",
issn = "0954-6111",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Self-reported intake of fruit and vegetables and risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

T2 - A nation-wide twin study

AU - Meteran, Howraman

AU - Thomsen, Simon Francis

AU - Miller, Martin R.

AU - Hjelmborg, Jacob

AU - Sigsgaard, Torben

AU - Backer, Vibeke

PY - 2018/11

Y1 - 2018/11

N2 - Background: Although smoking is the major risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) many patients with obstructive lung function suggesting COPD are never-smokers. Therefore, other lifestyle factors have been suggested as risk factors. Aims: i) To examine the association between self-reported intake of fruit and vegetables and risk of COPD and ii) to examine whether the association between these traits are due to underlying genetic factors. Methods: 12,449 twins, aged 40-80, from the Danish Twin Registry were recruited. The participants completed a questionnaire on medical history and lifestyle factors and participated in clinical examination. COPD was defined according to ATS/ERS recommendations. Multivariate logistic regressions were used to estimate the risk of COPD in individuals with a low intake of fruit and vegetables. Co-twin control analyses were performed to examine whether the association between fruit and vegetables and COPD is explained by genetic factors. Self-reported physician-diagnosed asthmatic individuals were excluded. Results: Of the 11,458 individuals were included in the analyses, 48% of the participants were males. Mean age was 58.9 (years) +/- SD 9.6, mean BMI (kg/m(2)) 26.6 +/- SD 4.4. A multivariate logistic regression, including sex, age and BMI showed that both smoking, no and heavy drinking and physical inactivity were independent predictors of COPD. There was a significant frequency-pendent association between intake of fruit and vegetables and increased risk of COPD. Conditional logistic regression analyses showed that the association might be controlled by genetic factors. Conclusions: This study shows that low intake of fruit and vegetables is associated with an increased risk of COPD and the association might be under influence of genetic factors.

AB - Background: Although smoking is the major risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) many patients with obstructive lung function suggesting COPD are never-smokers. Therefore, other lifestyle factors have been suggested as risk factors. Aims: i) To examine the association between self-reported intake of fruit and vegetables and risk of COPD and ii) to examine whether the association between these traits are due to underlying genetic factors. Methods: 12,449 twins, aged 40-80, from the Danish Twin Registry were recruited. The participants completed a questionnaire on medical history and lifestyle factors and participated in clinical examination. COPD was defined according to ATS/ERS recommendations. Multivariate logistic regressions were used to estimate the risk of COPD in individuals with a low intake of fruit and vegetables. Co-twin control analyses were performed to examine whether the association between fruit and vegetables and COPD is explained by genetic factors. Self-reported physician-diagnosed asthmatic individuals were excluded. Results: Of the 11,458 individuals were included in the analyses, 48% of the participants were males. Mean age was 58.9 (years) +/- SD 9.6, mean BMI (kg/m(2)) 26.6 +/- SD 4.4. A multivariate logistic regression, including sex, age and BMI showed that both smoking, no and heavy drinking and physical inactivity were independent predictors of COPD. There was a significant frequency-pendent association between intake of fruit and vegetables and increased risk of COPD. Conditional logistic regression analyses showed that the association might be controlled by genetic factors. Conclusions: This study shows that low intake of fruit and vegetables is associated with an increased risk of COPD and the association might be under influence of genetic factors.

KW - COPD

KW - Fruit

KW - Vegetables

KW - Twin studies

U2 - 10.1016/j.rmed.2018.09.013

DO - 10.1016/j.rmed.2018.09.013

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 30366579

VL - 144

SP - 16

EP - 21

JO - Respiratory Medicine

JF - Respiratory Medicine

SN - 0954-6111

ER -

ID: 209468862