Rubidium-82 positron emission tomography for detection of acute doxorubicin-induced cardiac effects in lymphoma patients
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BACKGROUND: Doxorubicin is a cornerstone in lymphoma treatment, but is limited by dose-dependent cardiotoxicity. Rubidium-82 positron emission tomography (82Rb PET) assesses coronary microvascular function through absolute quantification of myocardial perfusion and myocardial perfusion reserve (MPR). Doxorubicin-induced microvascular injury represents a potential early marker of cardiotoxicity.
METHODS AND RESULTS: We included 70 lymphoma patients scheduled for doxorubicin-based treatment. Cardiotoxicity was evaluated with 82Rb PET myocardial perfusion imaging during rest and adenosine stress before chemotherapy and shortly after the first doxorubicin exposure. Patients with a MPR decline > 20% were defined as having a low threshold for cardiotoxicity. In the 54 patients with complete data sets, MPR was significantly lower after the initial doxorubicin exposure (2.69 vs 2.51, P = .03). We registered a non-significant decline in stress perfusion (3.18 vs 3.02 ml/g/min, P = .08), but no change in resting myocardial perfusion. There were 13 patients with a low cardiotoxic threshold. These patients had a significantly higher age, but were otherwise similar to the remaining part of the study population.
CONCLUSION: Decreases in MPR after initial doxorubicin exposure in lymphoma patients may represent an early marker of doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity. The prognostic value of acute doxorubicin-induced changes in MPR remains to be investigated.
|Tidsskrift||Journal of Nuclear Cardiology|
|Status||Udgivet - 2020|