Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation occurs often in cryptogenic ischaemic stroke: Final results from the SURPRISE study

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Standard

Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation occurs often in cryptogenic ischaemic stroke : Final results from the SURPRISE study. / Christensen, L M; Krieger, D W; Højberg, S; Pedersen, O D; Karlsen, F M; Jacobsen, M D; Worck, R; Nielsen, H; Aegidius, K; Jeppesen, L L; Rosenbaum, S; Marstrand, J; Christensen, H.

I: European journal of neurology : the official journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies, Bind 21, Nr. 6, 06.2014, s. 884-889.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Christensen, LM, Krieger, DW, Højberg, S, Pedersen, OD, Karlsen, FM, Jacobsen, MD, Worck, R, Nielsen, H, Aegidius, K, Jeppesen, LL, Rosenbaum, S, Marstrand, J & Christensen, H 2014, 'Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation occurs often in cryptogenic ischaemic stroke: Final results from the SURPRISE study', European journal of neurology : the official journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies, bind 21, nr. 6, s. 884-889. https://doi.org/10.1111/ene.12400

APA

Christensen, L. M., Krieger, D. W., Højberg, S., Pedersen, O. D., Karlsen, F. M., Jacobsen, M. D., ... Christensen, H. (2014). Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation occurs often in cryptogenic ischaemic stroke: Final results from the SURPRISE study. European journal of neurology : the official journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies, 21(6), 884-889. https://doi.org/10.1111/ene.12400

Vancouver

Christensen LM, Krieger DW, Højberg S, Pedersen OD, Karlsen FM, Jacobsen MD o.a. Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation occurs often in cryptogenic ischaemic stroke: Final results from the SURPRISE study. European journal of neurology : the official journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies. 2014 jun;21(6):884-889. https://doi.org/10.1111/ene.12400

Author

Christensen, L M ; Krieger, D W ; Højberg, S ; Pedersen, O D ; Karlsen, F M ; Jacobsen, M D ; Worck, R ; Nielsen, H ; Aegidius, K ; Jeppesen, L L ; Rosenbaum, S ; Marstrand, J ; Christensen, H. / Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation occurs often in cryptogenic ischaemic stroke : Final results from the SURPRISE study. I: European journal of neurology : the official journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies. 2014 ; Bind 21, Nr. 6. s. 884-889.

Bibtex

@article{16aecbbac36748dc9276bed1481da9be,
title = "Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation occurs often in cryptogenic ischaemic stroke: Final results from the SURPRISE study",
abstract = "BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Atrial fibrillation (AF) increases the risk of stroke fourfold and is associated with a poor clinical outcome. Despite work-up in compliance with guidelines, up to one-third of patients have cryptogenic stroke (CS). The prevalence of asymptomatic paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) in CS remains unknown. The SURPRISE project aimed at determining this rate using long-term cardiac monitoring.METHODS: Patients with CS after protocolled work-up including electrocardiography (ECG) and telemetry were included after informed consent. An implantable loop recorder (ILR) was implanted subcutaneously. PAF was defined by events of atrial arrhythmia >2 min with a correlating one-lead ECG confirming the diagnosis.RESULTS: Eighty-five patients were monitored for a mean of 569 days (SD ±310). PAF was documented in 18 patients (20.7{\%}) during the study period and detected by ILR in 14 patients (16.1{\%}). In three patients PAF was detected by other methods before or after monitoring and was undiscovered due to device sensitivity in one case. The first event of PAF was documented at a mean of 109 days (SD ±48) after stroke onset. PAF was asymptomatic in all cases and occurred in episodes lasting predominantly between 1 and 4 h. Four recurrent strokes were observed, three in patients with PAF; all three patients were on oral anticoagulation (OAC).CONCLUSIONS: One in five patients with CS had PAF, which occurred at low burden and long after stroke. Future studies should determine the role of implantable cardiac monitors after stroke and determine the potential therapeutic benefit of OAC treatment of patients with PAF.",
keywords = "Aged, Atrial Fibrillation, Brain Ischemia, Electrocardiography, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Stroke",
author = "Christensen, {L M} and Krieger, {D W} and S H{\o}jberg and Pedersen, {O D} and Karlsen, {F M} and Jacobsen, {M D} and R Worck and H Nielsen and K Aegidius and Jeppesen, {L L} and S Rosenbaum and J Marstrand and H Christensen",
note = "{\circledC} 2014 The Author(s) European Journal of Neurology {\circledC} 2014 EAN.",
year = "2014",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1111/ene.12400",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "884--889",
journal = "European Journal of Neurology",
issn = "1351-5101",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation occurs often in cryptogenic ischaemic stroke

T2 - Final results from the SURPRISE study

AU - Christensen, L M

AU - Krieger, D W

AU - Højberg, S

AU - Pedersen, O D

AU - Karlsen, F M

AU - Jacobsen, M D

AU - Worck, R

AU - Nielsen, H

AU - Aegidius, K

AU - Jeppesen, L L

AU - Rosenbaum, S

AU - Marstrand, J

AU - Christensen, H

N1 - © 2014 The Author(s) European Journal of Neurology © 2014 EAN.

PY - 2014/6

Y1 - 2014/6

N2 - BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Atrial fibrillation (AF) increases the risk of stroke fourfold and is associated with a poor clinical outcome. Despite work-up in compliance with guidelines, up to one-third of patients have cryptogenic stroke (CS). The prevalence of asymptomatic paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) in CS remains unknown. The SURPRISE project aimed at determining this rate using long-term cardiac monitoring.METHODS: Patients with CS after protocolled work-up including electrocardiography (ECG) and telemetry were included after informed consent. An implantable loop recorder (ILR) was implanted subcutaneously. PAF was defined by events of atrial arrhythmia >2 min with a correlating one-lead ECG confirming the diagnosis.RESULTS: Eighty-five patients were monitored for a mean of 569 days (SD ±310). PAF was documented in 18 patients (20.7%) during the study period and detected by ILR in 14 patients (16.1%). In three patients PAF was detected by other methods before or after monitoring and was undiscovered due to device sensitivity in one case. The first event of PAF was documented at a mean of 109 days (SD ±48) after stroke onset. PAF was asymptomatic in all cases and occurred in episodes lasting predominantly between 1 and 4 h. Four recurrent strokes were observed, three in patients with PAF; all three patients were on oral anticoagulation (OAC).CONCLUSIONS: One in five patients with CS had PAF, which occurred at low burden and long after stroke. Future studies should determine the role of implantable cardiac monitors after stroke and determine the potential therapeutic benefit of OAC treatment of patients with PAF.

AB - BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Atrial fibrillation (AF) increases the risk of stroke fourfold and is associated with a poor clinical outcome. Despite work-up in compliance with guidelines, up to one-third of patients have cryptogenic stroke (CS). The prevalence of asymptomatic paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) in CS remains unknown. The SURPRISE project aimed at determining this rate using long-term cardiac monitoring.METHODS: Patients with CS after protocolled work-up including electrocardiography (ECG) and telemetry were included after informed consent. An implantable loop recorder (ILR) was implanted subcutaneously. PAF was defined by events of atrial arrhythmia >2 min with a correlating one-lead ECG confirming the diagnosis.RESULTS: Eighty-five patients were monitored for a mean of 569 days (SD ±310). PAF was documented in 18 patients (20.7%) during the study period and detected by ILR in 14 patients (16.1%). In three patients PAF was detected by other methods before or after monitoring and was undiscovered due to device sensitivity in one case. The first event of PAF was documented at a mean of 109 days (SD ±48) after stroke onset. PAF was asymptomatic in all cases and occurred in episodes lasting predominantly between 1 and 4 h. Four recurrent strokes were observed, three in patients with PAF; all three patients were on oral anticoagulation (OAC).CONCLUSIONS: One in five patients with CS had PAF, which occurred at low burden and long after stroke. Future studies should determine the role of implantable cardiac monitors after stroke and determine the potential therapeutic benefit of OAC treatment of patients with PAF.

KW - Aged

KW - Atrial Fibrillation

KW - Brain Ischemia

KW - Electrocardiography

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Stroke

U2 - 10.1111/ene.12400

DO - 10.1111/ene.12400

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 24628954

VL - 21

SP - 884

EP - 889

JO - European Journal of Neurology

JF - European Journal of Neurology

SN - 1351-5101

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 137428648