NAMPT-mediated NAD+ biosynthesis is indispensable for adipose tissue plasticity and development of obesity

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NAMPT-mediated NAD+ biosynthesis is indispensable for adipose tissue plasticity and development of obesity. / Nielsen, Karen Nørgaard; Peics, Julia; Ma, Tao; Karavaeva, Iuliia; Dall, Morten; Chubanava, Sabina; Basse, Astrid L; Dmytriyeva, Oksana; Treebak, Jonas T; Gerhart-Hines, Zachary.

I: Molecular Metabolism, Bind 11, 05.2018, s. 178-188.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Nielsen, KN, Peics, J, Ma, T, Karavaeva, I, Dall, M, Chubanava, S, Basse, AL, Dmytriyeva, O, Treebak, JT & Gerhart-Hines, Z 2018, 'NAMPT-mediated NAD+ biosynthesis is indispensable for adipose tissue plasticity and development of obesity', Molecular Metabolism, bind 11, s. 178-188. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molmet.2018.02.014

APA

Nielsen, K. N., Peics, J., Ma, T., Karavaeva, I., Dall, M., Chubanava, S., ... Gerhart-Hines, Z. (2018). NAMPT-mediated NAD+ biosynthesis is indispensable for adipose tissue plasticity and development of obesity. Molecular Metabolism, 11, 178-188. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molmet.2018.02.014

Vancouver

Nielsen KN, Peics J, Ma T, Karavaeva I, Dall M, Chubanava S o.a. NAMPT-mediated NAD+ biosynthesis is indispensable for adipose tissue plasticity and development of obesity. Molecular Metabolism. 2018 maj;11:178-188. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molmet.2018.02.014

Author

Nielsen, Karen Nørgaard ; Peics, Julia ; Ma, Tao ; Karavaeva, Iuliia ; Dall, Morten ; Chubanava, Sabina ; Basse, Astrid L ; Dmytriyeva, Oksana ; Treebak, Jonas T ; Gerhart-Hines, Zachary. / NAMPT-mediated NAD+ biosynthesis is indispensable for adipose tissue plasticity and development of obesity. I: Molecular Metabolism. 2018 ; Bind 11. s. 178-188.

Bibtex

@article{bddd445876994107ae20206a57eb7c77,
title = "NAMPT-mediated NAD+ biosynthesis is indispensable for adipose tissue plasticity and development of obesity",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: The ability of adipose tissue to expand and contract in response to fluctuations in nutrient availability is essential for the maintenance of whole-body metabolic homeostasis. Given the nutrient scarcity that mammals faced for millions of years, programs involved in this adipose plasticity were likely evolved to be highly efficient in promoting lipid storage. Ironically, this previously advantageous feature may now represent a metabolic liability given the caloric excess of modern society. We speculate that nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) biosynthesis exemplifies this concept. Indeed NAD+/NADH metabolism in fat tissue has been previously linked with obesity, yet whether it plays a causal role in diet-induced adiposity is unknown. Here we investigated how the NAD+ biosynthetic enzyme nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) supports adipose plasticity and the pathological progression to obesity.METHODS: We utilized a newly generated Nampt loss-of-function model to investigate the tissue-specific and systemic metabolic consequences of adipose NAD+ deficiency. Energy expenditure, glycemic control, tissue structure, and gene expression were assessed in the contexts of a high dietary fat burden as well as the transition back to normal chow diet.RESULTS: Fat-specific Nampt knockout (FANKO) mice were completely resistant to high fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity. This was driven in part by reduced food intake. Furthermore, HFD-fed FANKO mice were unable to undergo healthy expansion of adipose tissue mass, and adipose depots were rendered fibrotic with markedly reduced mitochondrial respiratory capacity. Yet, surprisingly, HFD-fed FANKO mice exhibited improved glucose tolerance compared to control littermates. Removing the HFD burden largely reversed adipose fibrosis and dysfunction in FANKO animals whereas the improved glucose tolerance persisted.CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that adipose NAMPT plays an essential role in handling dietary lipid to modulate fat tissue plasticity, food intake, and systemic glucose homeostasis.",
author = "Nielsen, {Karen N{\o}rgaard} and Julia Peics and Tao Ma and Iuliia Karavaeva and Morten Dall and Sabina Chubanava and Basse, {Astrid L} and Oksana Dmytriyeva and Treebak, {Jonas T} and Zachary Gerhart-Hines",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier GmbH.. All rights reserved.",
year = "2018",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1016/j.molmet.2018.02.014",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "178--188",
journal = "Molecular Metabolism",
issn = "2212-8778",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - NAMPT-mediated NAD+ biosynthesis is indispensable for adipose tissue plasticity and development of obesity

AU - Nielsen, Karen Nørgaard

AU - Peics, Julia

AU - Ma, Tao

AU - Karavaeva, Iuliia

AU - Dall, Morten

AU - Chubanava, Sabina

AU - Basse, Astrid L

AU - Dmytriyeva, Oksana

AU - Treebak, Jonas T

AU - Gerhart-Hines, Zachary

N1 - Copyright © 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier GmbH.. All rights reserved.

PY - 2018/5

Y1 - 2018/5

N2 - OBJECTIVE: The ability of adipose tissue to expand and contract in response to fluctuations in nutrient availability is essential for the maintenance of whole-body metabolic homeostasis. Given the nutrient scarcity that mammals faced for millions of years, programs involved in this adipose plasticity were likely evolved to be highly efficient in promoting lipid storage. Ironically, this previously advantageous feature may now represent a metabolic liability given the caloric excess of modern society. We speculate that nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) biosynthesis exemplifies this concept. Indeed NAD+/NADH metabolism in fat tissue has been previously linked with obesity, yet whether it plays a causal role in diet-induced adiposity is unknown. Here we investigated how the NAD+ biosynthetic enzyme nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) supports adipose plasticity and the pathological progression to obesity.METHODS: We utilized a newly generated Nampt loss-of-function model to investigate the tissue-specific and systemic metabolic consequences of adipose NAD+ deficiency. Energy expenditure, glycemic control, tissue structure, and gene expression were assessed in the contexts of a high dietary fat burden as well as the transition back to normal chow diet.RESULTS: Fat-specific Nampt knockout (FANKO) mice were completely resistant to high fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity. This was driven in part by reduced food intake. Furthermore, HFD-fed FANKO mice were unable to undergo healthy expansion of adipose tissue mass, and adipose depots were rendered fibrotic with markedly reduced mitochondrial respiratory capacity. Yet, surprisingly, HFD-fed FANKO mice exhibited improved glucose tolerance compared to control littermates. Removing the HFD burden largely reversed adipose fibrosis and dysfunction in FANKO animals whereas the improved glucose tolerance persisted.CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that adipose NAMPT plays an essential role in handling dietary lipid to modulate fat tissue plasticity, food intake, and systemic glucose homeostasis.

AB - OBJECTIVE: The ability of adipose tissue to expand and contract in response to fluctuations in nutrient availability is essential for the maintenance of whole-body metabolic homeostasis. Given the nutrient scarcity that mammals faced for millions of years, programs involved in this adipose plasticity were likely evolved to be highly efficient in promoting lipid storage. Ironically, this previously advantageous feature may now represent a metabolic liability given the caloric excess of modern society. We speculate that nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) biosynthesis exemplifies this concept. Indeed NAD+/NADH metabolism in fat tissue has been previously linked with obesity, yet whether it plays a causal role in diet-induced adiposity is unknown. Here we investigated how the NAD+ biosynthetic enzyme nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) supports adipose plasticity and the pathological progression to obesity.METHODS: We utilized a newly generated Nampt loss-of-function model to investigate the tissue-specific and systemic metabolic consequences of adipose NAD+ deficiency. Energy expenditure, glycemic control, tissue structure, and gene expression were assessed in the contexts of a high dietary fat burden as well as the transition back to normal chow diet.RESULTS: Fat-specific Nampt knockout (FANKO) mice were completely resistant to high fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity. This was driven in part by reduced food intake. Furthermore, HFD-fed FANKO mice were unable to undergo healthy expansion of adipose tissue mass, and adipose depots were rendered fibrotic with markedly reduced mitochondrial respiratory capacity. Yet, surprisingly, HFD-fed FANKO mice exhibited improved glucose tolerance compared to control littermates. Removing the HFD burden largely reversed adipose fibrosis and dysfunction in FANKO animals whereas the improved glucose tolerance persisted.CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that adipose NAMPT plays an essential role in handling dietary lipid to modulate fat tissue plasticity, food intake, and systemic glucose homeostasis.

U2 - 10.1016/j.molmet.2018.02.014

DO - 10.1016/j.molmet.2018.02.014

M3 - Journal article

VL - 11

SP - 178

EP - 188

JO - Molecular Metabolism

JF - Molecular Metabolism

SN - 2212-8778

ER -

ID: 201355021