Maintained peak leg and pulmonary VO2 despite substantial reduction in muscle mitochondrial capacity

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Maintained peak leg and pulmonary VO2 despite substantial reduction in muscle mitochondrial capacity. / Boushel, Robert; Gnaiger, E.; Larsen, F. J.; Helge, J. W.; González-Alonso, J.; Ara, I.; Munch-Andersen, T.; van Hall, G.; Søndergaard, Hans; Saltin, B.; Calbet, J. A. L.

I: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, Bind 25 , Nr. Supplement 4, 12.2015, s. 135-143.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Boushel, R, Gnaiger, E, Larsen, FJ, Helge, JW, González-Alonso, J, Ara, I, Munch-Andersen, T, van Hall, G, Søndergaard, H, Saltin, B & Calbet, JAL 2015, 'Maintained peak leg and pulmonary VO2 despite substantial reduction in muscle mitochondrial capacity', Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, bind 25 , nr. Supplement 4, s. 135-143. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12613

APA

Boushel, R., Gnaiger, E., Larsen, F. J., Helge, J. W., González-Alonso, J., Ara, I., ... Calbet, J. A. L. (2015). Maintained peak leg and pulmonary VO2 despite substantial reduction in muscle mitochondrial capacity. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 25 (Supplement 4), 135-143. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12613

Vancouver

Boushel R, Gnaiger E, Larsen FJ, Helge JW, González-Alonso J, Ara I o.a. Maintained peak leg and pulmonary VO2 despite substantial reduction in muscle mitochondrial capacity. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 2015 dec;25 (Supplement 4):135-143. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12613

Author

Boushel, Robert ; Gnaiger, E. ; Larsen, F. J. ; Helge, J. W. ; González-Alonso, J. ; Ara, I. ; Munch-Andersen, T. ; van Hall, G. ; Søndergaard, Hans ; Saltin, B. ; Calbet, J. A. L. / Maintained peak leg and pulmonary VO2 despite substantial reduction in muscle mitochondrial capacity. I: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 2015 ; Bind 25 , Nr. Supplement 4. s. 135-143.

Bibtex

@article{d2a94ce4adf14be7966b683964a7c4d0,
title = "Maintained peak leg and pulmonary VO2 despite substantial reduction in muscle mitochondrial capacity",
abstract = "We recently reported the circulatory and muscle oxidative capacities of the arm after prolonged low-intensity skiing in the arctic (Boushel et al., 2014). In the present study, leg VO2 was measured by the Fick method during leg cycling while muscle mitochondrial capacity was examined on a biopsy of the vastus lateralis in healthy volunteers (7 male, 2 female) before and after 42 days of skiing at 60{\%} HR max. Peak pulmonary VO2 (3.52 ± 0.18 L.min-1 pre vs 3.52 ± 0.19 post) and VO2 across the leg (2.8 ± 0.4L.min-1 pre vs 3.0 ± 0.2 post) were unchanged after the ski journey. Peak leg O2 delivery (3.6 ± 0.2 L.min-1 pre vs 3.8 ± 0.4 post), O2 extraction (82 ± 1{\%} pre vs 83 ± 1 post), and muscle capillaries per mm(2) (576 ± 17 pre vs 612 ± 28 post) were also unchanged; however, leg muscle mitochondrial OXPHOS capacity was reduced (90 ± 3 pmol.sec-1 .mg-1 pre vs 70 ± 2 post, P < 0.05) as was citrate synthase activity (40 ± 3 μmol.min-1 .g-1 pre vs 34 ± 3 vs P < 0.05). These findings indicate that peak muscle VO2 can be sustained with a substantial reduction in mitochondrial OXPHOS capacity. This is achieved at a similar O2 delivery and a higher relative ADP-stimulated mitochondrial respiration at a higher mitochondrial p50. These findings support the concept that muscle mitochondrial respiration is submaximal at VO2max , and that mitochondrial volume can be downregulated by chronic energy demand.",
author = "Robert Boushel and E. Gnaiger and Larsen, {F. J.} and Helge, {J. W.} and J. Gonz{\'a}lez-Alonso and I. Ara and T. Munch-Andersen and {van Hall}, G. and Hans S{\o}ndergaard and B. Saltin and Calbet, {J. A. L.}",
note = "{\circledC} 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.",
year = "2015",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1111/sms.12613",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
pages = "135--143",
journal = "Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports",
issn = "0905-7188",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "Supplement 4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Maintained peak leg and pulmonary VO2 despite substantial reduction in muscle mitochondrial capacity

AU - Boushel, Robert

AU - Gnaiger, E.

AU - Larsen, F. J.

AU - Helge, J. W.

AU - González-Alonso, J.

AU - Ara, I.

AU - Munch-Andersen, T.

AU - van Hall, G.

AU - Søndergaard, Hans

AU - Saltin, B.

AU - Calbet, J. A. L.

N1 - © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

PY - 2015/12

Y1 - 2015/12

N2 - We recently reported the circulatory and muscle oxidative capacities of the arm after prolonged low-intensity skiing in the arctic (Boushel et al., 2014). In the present study, leg VO2 was measured by the Fick method during leg cycling while muscle mitochondrial capacity was examined on a biopsy of the vastus lateralis in healthy volunteers (7 male, 2 female) before and after 42 days of skiing at 60% HR max. Peak pulmonary VO2 (3.52 ± 0.18 L.min-1 pre vs 3.52 ± 0.19 post) and VO2 across the leg (2.8 ± 0.4L.min-1 pre vs 3.0 ± 0.2 post) were unchanged after the ski journey. Peak leg O2 delivery (3.6 ± 0.2 L.min-1 pre vs 3.8 ± 0.4 post), O2 extraction (82 ± 1% pre vs 83 ± 1 post), and muscle capillaries per mm(2) (576 ± 17 pre vs 612 ± 28 post) were also unchanged; however, leg muscle mitochondrial OXPHOS capacity was reduced (90 ± 3 pmol.sec-1 .mg-1 pre vs 70 ± 2 post, P < 0.05) as was citrate synthase activity (40 ± 3 μmol.min-1 .g-1 pre vs 34 ± 3 vs P < 0.05). These findings indicate that peak muscle VO2 can be sustained with a substantial reduction in mitochondrial OXPHOS capacity. This is achieved at a similar O2 delivery and a higher relative ADP-stimulated mitochondrial respiration at a higher mitochondrial p50. These findings support the concept that muscle mitochondrial respiration is submaximal at VO2max , and that mitochondrial volume can be downregulated by chronic energy demand.

AB - We recently reported the circulatory and muscle oxidative capacities of the arm after prolonged low-intensity skiing in the arctic (Boushel et al., 2014). In the present study, leg VO2 was measured by the Fick method during leg cycling while muscle mitochondrial capacity was examined on a biopsy of the vastus lateralis in healthy volunteers (7 male, 2 female) before and after 42 days of skiing at 60% HR max. Peak pulmonary VO2 (3.52 ± 0.18 L.min-1 pre vs 3.52 ± 0.19 post) and VO2 across the leg (2.8 ± 0.4L.min-1 pre vs 3.0 ± 0.2 post) were unchanged after the ski journey. Peak leg O2 delivery (3.6 ± 0.2 L.min-1 pre vs 3.8 ± 0.4 post), O2 extraction (82 ± 1% pre vs 83 ± 1 post), and muscle capillaries per mm(2) (576 ± 17 pre vs 612 ± 28 post) were also unchanged; however, leg muscle mitochondrial OXPHOS capacity was reduced (90 ± 3 pmol.sec-1 .mg-1 pre vs 70 ± 2 post, P < 0.05) as was citrate synthase activity (40 ± 3 μmol.min-1 .g-1 pre vs 34 ± 3 vs P < 0.05). These findings indicate that peak muscle VO2 can be sustained with a substantial reduction in mitochondrial OXPHOS capacity. This is achieved at a similar O2 delivery and a higher relative ADP-stimulated mitochondrial respiration at a higher mitochondrial p50. These findings support the concept that muscle mitochondrial respiration is submaximal at VO2max , and that mitochondrial volume can be downregulated by chronic energy demand.

U2 - 10.1111/sms.12613

DO - 10.1111/sms.12613

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 26589127

VL - 25

SP - 135

EP - 143

JO - Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports

JF - Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports

SN - 0905-7188

IS - Supplement 4

ER -

ID: 153728262