Left hemisphere abnormalities in developmental prosopagnosia when looking at faces but not words

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Standard

Left hemisphere abnormalities in developmental prosopagnosia when looking at faces but not words. / Gerlach, Christian; Klargaard, Solja K; Alnæs, Dag; Kolskår, Knut K; Karstoft, Jens; Westlye, Lars T; Starrfelt, Randi.

I: Brain Communications, Bind 1, Nr. 1, fcz034, 20.12.2019.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Gerlach, C, Klargaard, SK, Alnæs, D, Kolskår, KK, Karstoft, J, Westlye, LT & Starrfelt, R 2019, 'Left hemisphere abnormalities in developmental prosopagnosia when looking at faces but not words', Brain Communications, bind 1, nr. 1, fcz034. https://doi.org/10.1093/braincomms/fcz034

APA

Gerlach, C., Klargaard, S. K., Alnæs, D., Kolskår, K. K., Karstoft, J., Westlye, L. T., & Starrfelt, R. (2019). Left hemisphere abnormalities in developmental prosopagnosia when looking at faces but not words. Brain Communications, 1(1), [fcz034]. https://doi.org/10.1093/braincomms/fcz034

Vancouver

Gerlach C, Klargaard SK, Alnæs D, Kolskår KK, Karstoft J, Westlye LT o.a. Left hemisphere abnormalities in developmental prosopagnosia when looking at faces but not words. Brain Communications. 2019 dec 20;1(1). fcz034. https://doi.org/10.1093/braincomms/fcz034

Author

Gerlach, Christian ; Klargaard, Solja K ; Alnæs, Dag ; Kolskår, Knut K ; Karstoft, Jens ; Westlye, Lars T ; Starrfelt, Randi. / Left hemisphere abnormalities in developmental prosopagnosia when looking at faces but not words. I: Brain Communications. 2019 ; Bind 1, Nr. 1.

Bibtex

@article{41242893a98440ee937cf58f61169250,
title = "Left hemisphere abnormalities in developmental prosopagnosia when looking at faces but not words",
abstract = "Developmental prosopagnosia is a disorder characterized by profound and lifelong difficulties with face recognition in the absence of sensory or intellectual deficits or known brain injury. While there has been a surge in research on developmental prosopagnosia over the last decade and a half, the cognitive mechanisms behind the disorder and its neural underpinnings remain elusive. Most recently it has been proposed that developmental prosopagnosia may be a manifestation of widespread disturbance in neural migration which affects both face responsive brain regions as well as other category-sensitive visual areas. We present a combined behavioural and functional MRI study of face, object and word processing in a group of developmental prosopagnosics (N = 15). We show that developmental prosopagnosia is associated with reduced activation of core ventral face areas during perception of faces. The reductions were bilateral but tended to be more pronounced in the left hemisphere. As the first study to address category selectivity for word processing in developmental prosopagnosia, we do not, however, find evidence for reduced activation of the visual word form area during perception of orthographic material. We also find no evidence for reduced activation of the lateral occipital complex during perception of objects. These imaging findings correspond well with the behavioural performance of the developmental prosopagnosics, who show severe impairment for faces but normal reading and recognition of line drawings. Our findings suggest that a general deficit in neural migration across ventral occipito-temporal cortex is not a viable explanation for developmental prosopagnosia. The finding of left hemisphere involvement in our group of developmental prosopagnosics was at first surprising. However, a closer look at existing studies shows similar, but hitherto undiscussed, findings. These left hemisphere abnormalities seen in developmental prosopagnosia contrasts with lesion and imaging studies suggesting primarily right hemisphere involvement in acquired prosopagnosia, and this may reflect that the left hemisphere is important for the development of a normal face recognition network.",
keywords = "Faculty of Social Sciences, developmental prosopagnosia, face recognition, object recognition, reading, the visual word form area",
author = "Christian Gerlach and Klargaard, {Solja K} and Dag Aln{\ae}s and Kolsk{\aa}r, {Knut K} and Jens Karstoft and Westlye, {Lars T} and Randi Starrfelt",
year = "2019",
month = "12",
day = "20",
doi = "10.1093/braincomms/fcz034",
language = "English",
volume = "1",
journal = "Brain Communications",
issn = "2632-1297",
publisher = "Claredon/Oxford Univ. Press",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Left hemisphere abnormalities in developmental prosopagnosia when looking at faces but not words

AU - Gerlach, Christian

AU - Klargaard, Solja K

AU - Alnæs, Dag

AU - Kolskår, Knut K

AU - Karstoft, Jens

AU - Westlye, Lars T

AU - Starrfelt, Randi

PY - 2019/12/20

Y1 - 2019/12/20

N2 - Developmental prosopagnosia is a disorder characterized by profound and lifelong difficulties with face recognition in the absence of sensory or intellectual deficits or known brain injury. While there has been a surge in research on developmental prosopagnosia over the last decade and a half, the cognitive mechanisms behind the disorder and its neural underpinnings remain elusive. Most recently it has been proposed that developmental prosopagnosia may be a manifestation of widespread disturbance in neural migration which affects both face responsive brain regions as well as other category-sensitive visual areas. We present a combined behavioural and functional MRI study of face, object and word processing in a group of developmental prosopagnosics (N = 15). We show that developmental prosopagnosia is associated with reduced activation of core ventral face areas during perception of faces. The reductions were bilateral but tended to be more pronounced in the left hemisphere. As the first study to address category selectivity for word processing in developmental prosopagnosia, we do not, however, find evidence for reduced activation of the visual word form area during perception of orthographic material. We also find no evidence for reduced activation of the lateral occipital complex during perception of objects. These imaging findings correspond well with the behavioural performance of the developmental prosopagnosics, who show severe impairment for faces but normal reading and recognition of line drawings. Our findings suggest that a general deficit in neural migration across ventral occipito-temporal cortex is not a viable explanation for developmental prosopagnosia. The finding of left hemisphere involvement in our group of developmental prosopagnosics was at first surprising. However, a closer look at existing studies shows similar, but hitherto undiscussed, findings. These left hemisphere abnormalities seen in developmental prosopagnosia contrasts with lesion and imaging studies suggesting primarily right hemisphere involvement in acquired prosopagnosia, and this may reflect that the left hemisphere is important for the development of a normal face recognition network.

AB - Developmental prosopagnosia is a disorder characterized by profound and lifelong difficulties with face recognition in the absence of sensory or intellectual deficits or known brain injury. While there has been a surge in research on developmental prosopagnosia over the last decade and a half, the cognitive mechanisms behind the disorder and its neural underpinnings remain elusive. Most recently it has been proposed that developmental prosopagnosia may be a manifestation of widespread disturbance in neural migration which affects both face responsive brain regions as well as other category-sensitive visual areas. We present a combined behavioural and functional MRI study of face, object and word processing in a group of developmental prosopagnosics (N = 15). We show that developmental prosopagnosia is associated with reduced activation of core ventral face areas during perception of faces. The reductions were bilateral but tended to be more pronounced in the left hemisphere. As the first study to address category selectivity for word processing in developmental prosopagnosia, we do not, however, find evidence for reduced activation of the visual word form area during perception of orthographic material. We also find no evidence for reduced activation of the lateral occipital complex during perception of objects. These imaging findings correspond well with the behavioural performance of the developmental prosopagnosics, who show severe impairment for faces but normal reading and recognition of line drawings. Our findings suggest that a general deficit in neural migration across ventral occipito-temporal cortex is not a viable explanation for developmental prosopagnosia. The finding of left hemisphere involvement in our group of developmental prosopagnosics was at first surprising. However, a closer look at existing studies shows similar, but hitherto undiscussed, findings. These left hemisphere abnormalities seen in developmental prosopagnosia contrasts with lesion and imaging studies suggesting primarily right hemisphere involvement in acquired prosopagnosia, and this may reflect that the left hemisphere is important for the development of a normal face recognition network.

KW - Faculty of Social Sciences

KW - developmental prosopagnosia

KW - face recognition

KW - object recognition

KW - reading

KW - the visual word form area

U2 - 10.1093/braincomms/fcz034

DO - 10.1093/braincomms/fcz034

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32954273

VL - 1

JO - Brain Communications

JF - Brain Communications

SN - 2632-1297

IS - 1

M1 - fcz034

ER -

ID: 232138585