Intake of total dietary sugar and fibre is associated with insulin resistance among Danish 8–10- and 14–16-year-old girls but not boys. European Youth Heart Studies I and II

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Intake of total dietary sugar and fibre is associated with insulin resistance among Danish 8–10- and 14–16-year-old girls but not boys. European Youth Heart Studies I and II. / Kynde, Iben; Johnsen, Nina F; Wedderkopp, Niels; Bygbjerg, I B C; Helge, Jørn Wulff; Heitmann, Berit L.

I: Public Health Nutrition, Bind 13, Nr. 10, 01.10.2010, s. 1669-74.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Kynde, I, Johnsen, NF, Wedderkopp, N, Bygbjerg, IBC, Helge, JW & Heitmann, BL 2010, 'Intake of total dietary sugar and fibre is associated with insulin resistance among Danish 8–10- and 14–16-year-old girls but not boys. European Youth Heart Studies I and II', Public Health Nutrition, bind 13, nr. 10, s. 1669-74. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980010000285

APA

Kynde, I., Johnsen, N. F., Wedderkopp, N., Bygbjerg, I. B. C., Helge, J. W., & Heitmann, B. L. (2010). Intake of total dietary sugar and fibre is associated with insulin resistance among Danish 8–10- and 14–16-year-old girls but not boys. European Youth Heart Studies I and II. Public Health Nutrition, 13(10), 1669-74. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980010000285

Vancouver

Kynde I, Johnsen NF, Wedderkopp N, Bygbjerg IBC, Helge JW, Heitmann BL. Intake of total dietary sugar and fibre is associated with insulin resistance among Danish 8–10- and 14–16-year-old girls but not boys. European Youth Heart Studies I and II. Public Health Nutrition. 2010 okt 1;13(10):1669-74. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980010000285

Author

Kynde, Iben ; Johnsen, Nina F ; Wedderkopp, Niels ; Bygbjerg, I B C ; Helge, Jørn Wulff ; Heitmann, Berit L. / Intake of total dietary sugar and fibre is associated with insulin resistance among Danish 8–10- and 14–16-year-old girls but not boys. European Youth Heart Studies I and II. I: Public Health Nutrition. 2010 ; Bind 13, Nr. 10. s. 1669-74.

Bibtex

@article{0fd0abfc587f4fb1a98b6e48297ea209,
title = "Intake of total dietary sugar and fibre is associated with insulin resistance among Danish 8–10- and 14–16-year-old girls but not boys.: European Youth Heart Studies I and II",
abstract = "Objective: To examine the dietary intake of total sugar, added sugar, non-added sugar and starch as well as dietary fibre and glycaemic index (GI) and their respective associations with insulin resistance.Design: Mixed linear models were used to study both cross-sectional and prospective associations between carbohydrate components and insulin resistance separately in girls and boys. Diet was assessed by a single 24 h recall interview and insulin resistance was calculated using the homoestasis model assessment (HOMA).Setting: The Danish part of the European Youth Heart Studies (EYHS) I and II.Subjects: Girls and boys at 8–10 and 14–16 years from EYHS I (n 651) and 8–10-year olds from baseline followed up 6 years later in EYHS II (n 233).Results: Among girls, a difference in dietary total sugar of 43 g/MJ was associated with a 1 SD difference of HOMA and a difference in dietary fibre of 28g/MJ was associated with a 1 SD difference of HOMA, independent of age, maturity and other confounders (both P50?03). No baseline associations were found among boys and no prospective associations were found in either sex.Conclusions: Dietary intake of total sugar may play an adverse role and fibre may play a beneficial role in concurrent insulin resistance among girls but not boys. Sex differences may be due to differences in maturity, physical activity, food patternsand selective reporting behaviours.",
keywords = "Adolescent, Child, Cross-Sectional Studies, Denmark, Diet Records, Dietary Fiber, Dietary Sucrose, Female, Health Surveys, Humans, Insulin Resistance, Male, Prospective Studies, Sex Factors",
author = "Iben Kynde and Johnsen, {Nina F} and Niels Wedderkopp and Bygbjerg, {I B C} and Helge, {J{\o}rn Wulff} and Heitmann, {Berit L}",
year = "2010",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1017/S1368980010000285",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "1669--74",
journal = "Public Health Nutrition",
issn = "1368-9800",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Intake of total dietary sugar and fibre is associated with insulin resistance among Danish 8–10- and 14–16-year-old girls but not boys.

T2 - European Youth Heart Studies I and II

AU - Kynde, Iben

AU - Johnsen, Nina F

AU - Wedderkopp, Niels

AU - Bygbjerg, I B C

AU - Helge, Jørn Wulff

AU - Heitmann, Berit L

PY - 2010/10/1

Y1 - 2010/10/1

N2 - Objective: To examine the dietary intake of total sugar, added sugar, non-added sugar and starch as well as dietary fibre and glycaemic index (GI) and their respective associations with insulin resistance.Design: Mixed linear models were used to study both cross-sectional and prospective associations between carbohydrate components and insulin resistance separately in girls and boys. Diet was assessed by a single 24 h recall interview and insulin resistance was calculated using the homoestasis model assessment (HOMA).Setting: The Danish part of the European Youth Heart Studies (EYHS) I and II.Subjects: Girls and boys at 8–10 and 14–16 years from EYHS I (n 651) and 8–10-year olds from baseline followed up 6 years later in EYHS II (n 233).Results: Among girls, a difference in dietary total sugar of 43 g/MJ was associated with a 1 SD difference of HOMA and a difference in dietary fibre of 28g/MJ was associated with a 1 SD difference of HOMA, independent of age, maturity and other confounders (both P50?03). No baseline associations were found among boys and no prospective associations were found in either sex.Conclusions: Dietary intake of total sugar may play an adverse role and fibre may play a beneficial role in concurrent insulin resistance among girls but not boys. Sex differences may be due to differences in maturity, physical activity, food patternsand selective reporting behaviours.

AB - Objective: To examine the dietary intake of total sugar, added sugar, non-added sugar and starch as well as dietary fibre and glycaemic index (GI) and their respective associations with insulin resistance.Design: Mixed linear models were used to study both cross-sectional and prospective associations between carbohydrate components and insulin resistance separately in girls and boys. Diet was assessed by a single 24 h recall interview and insulin resistance was calculated using the homoestasis model assessment (HOMA).Setting: The Danish part of the European Youth Heart Studies (EYHS) I and II.Subjects: Girls and boys at 8–10 and 14–16 years from EYHS I (n 651) and 8–10-year olds from baseline followed up 6 years later in EYHS II (n 233).Results: Among girls, a difference in dietary total sugar of 43 g/MJ was associated with a 1 SD difference of HOMA and a difference in dietary fibre of 28g/MJ was associated with a 1 SD difference of HOMA, independent of age, maturity and other confounders (both P50?03). No baseline associations were found among boys and no prospective associations were found in either sex.Conclusions: Dietary intake of total sugar may play an adverse role and fibre may play a beneficial role in concurrent insulin resistance among girls but not boys. Sex differences may be due to differences in maturity, physical activity, food patternsand selective reporting behaviours.

KW - Adolescent

KW - Child

KW - Cross-Sectional Studies

KW - Denmark

KW - Diet Records

KW - Dietary Fiber

KW - Dietary Sucrose

KW - Female

KW - Health Surveys

KW - Humans

KW - Insulin Resistance

KW - Male

KW - Prospective Studies

KW - Sex Factors

U2 - 10.1017/S1368980010000285

DO - 10.1017/S1368980010000285

M3 - Journal article

VL - 13

SP - 1669

EP - 1674

JO - Public Health Nutrition

JF - Public Health Nutrition

SN - 1368-9800

IS - 10

ER -

ID: 33861153