Influence of stimulus intensity on the soleus H-reflex amplitude and modulation during locomotion

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Influence of stimulus intensity on the soleus H-reflex amplitude and modulation during locomotion. / Simonsen, Erik B; Alkjær, Tine; Raffalt, Peter C.

I: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, Bind 23, Nr. 2, 04.2013, s. 438-42.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Simonsen, EB, Alkjær, T & Raffalt, PC 2013, 'Influence of stimulus intensity on the soleus H-reflex amplitude and modulation during locomotion', Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, bind 23, nr. 2, s. 438-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2012.10.019

APA

Simonsen, E. B., Alkjær, T., & Raffalt, P. C. (2013). Influence of stimulus intensity on the soleus H-reflex amplitude and modulation during locomotion. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 23(2), 438-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2012.10.019

Vancouver

Simonsen EB, Alkjær T, Raffalt PC. Influence of stimulus intensity on the soleus H-reflex amplitude and modulation during locomotion. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. 2013 apr;23(2):438-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2012.10.019

Author

Simonsen, Erik B ; Alkjær, Tine ; Raffalt, Peter C. / Influence of stimulus intensity on the soleus H-reflex amplitude and modulation during locomotion. I: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. 2013 ; Bind 23, Nr. 2. s. 438-42.

Bibtex

@article{ded15946e7fa4af997e9982b7485ea2d,
title = "Influence of stimulus intensity on the soleus H-reflex amplitude and modulation during locomotion",
abstract = "Diverging results have been reported regarding the modulation and amplitude of the soleus H-reflex measured during human walking and running. A possible explanation to this could be the use of too high stimulus strength in some studies while not in others. During activities like walking and running it is necessary to use a small M-wave to control the effective stimulus strength during all phases of the movement. This implies that the descending part of the H-reflex recruitment curve is being used, which may lead to an unwanted suppression of the H-reflex due to limitations imbedded within the H-reflex methodology itself. Accordingly, the purpose of the present study was to study the effect on the soleus H-reflex during walking and running using stimulus intensities normally considered too high (up to 45{\%} Mmax). Using M-waves of 25-45{\%} Mmax as opposed to 5-25{\%} Mmax showed a significant suppression of the peak H-reflex during the stance phase of walking, while no changes were observed during running. No differences were observed regarding modulation pattern. So a possible use of too high stimulus intensity cannot explain the differences mentioned. The surprising result in running may be explained by the much higher voluntary muscle activity, which implies the existence of a V-wave influencing the H-reflex amplitude in positive direction.",
author = "Simonsen, {Erik B} and Tine Alkj{\ae}r and Raffalt, {Peter C}",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
year = "2013",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1016/j.jelekin.2012.10.019",
language = "English",
volume = "23",
pages = "438--42",
journal = "Journal of Electromyography & Kinesiology",
issn = "1050-6411",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Influence of stimulus intensity on the soleus H-reflex amplitude and modulation during locomotion

AU - Simonsen, Erik B

AU - Alkjær, Tine

AU - Raffalt, Peter C

N1 - Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PY - 2013/4

Y1 - 2013/4

N2 - Diverging results have been reported regarding the modulation and amplitude of the soleus H-reflex measured during human walking and running. A possible explanation to this could be the use of too high stimulus strength in some studies while not in others. During activities like walking and running it is necessary to use a small M-wave to control the effective stimulus strength during all phases of the movement. This implies that the descending part of the H-reflex recruitment curve is being used, which may lead to an unwanted suppression of the H-reflex due to limitations imbedded within the H-reflex methodology itself. Accordingly, the purpose of the present study was to study the effect on the soleus H-reflex during walking and running using stimulus intensities normally considered too high (up to 45% Mmax). Using M-waves of 25-45% Mmax as opposed to 5-25% Mmax showed a significant suppression of the peak H-reflex during the stance phase of walking, while no changes were observed during running. No differences were observed regarding modulation pattern. So a possible use of too high stimulus intensity cannot explain the differences mentioned. The surprising result in running may be explained by the much higher voluntary muscle activity, which implies the existence of a V-wave influencing the H-reflex amplitude in positive direction.

AB - Diverging results have been reported regarding the modulation and amplitude of the soleus H-reflex measured during human walking and running. A possible explanation to this could be the use of too high stimulus strength in some studies while not in others. During activities like walking and running it is necessary to use a small M-wave to control the effective stimulus strength during all phases of the movement. This implies that the descending part of the H-reflex recruitment curve is being used, which may lead to an unwanted suppression of the H-reflex due to limitations imbedded within the H-reflex methodology itself. Accordingly, the purpose of the present study was to study the effect on the soleus H-reflex during walking and running using stimulus intensities normally considered too high (up to 45% Mmax). Using M-waves of 25-45% Mmax as opposed to 5-25% Mmax showed a significant suppression of the peak H-reflex during the stance phase of walking, while no changes were observed during running. No differences were observed regarding modulation pattern. So a possible use of too high stimulus intensity cannot explain the differences mentioned. The surprising result in running may be explained by the much higher voluntary muscle activity, which implies the existence of a V-wave influencing the H-reflex amplitude in positive direction.

U2 - 10.1016/j.jelekin.2012.10.019

DO - 10.1016/j.jelekin.2012.10.019

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 23186866

VL - 23

SP - 438

EP - 442

JO - Journal of Electromyography & Kinesiology

JF - Journal of Electromyography & Kinesiology

SN - 1050-6411

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 45528383