How does 6 months of active bike commuting or leisure-time exercise affect insulin sensitivity, cardiorespiratory fitness and intra-abdominal fat? A randomised controlled trial in individuals with overweight and obesity

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Standard

How does 6 months of active bike commuting or leisure-time exercise affect insulin sensitivity, cardiorespiratory fitness and intra-abdominal fat? A randomised controlled trial in individuals with overweight and obesity. / Blond, Martin Baek; Rosenkilde, Mads; Gram, Anne Sofie; Tindborg, Marie; Christensen, Anders Nymark; Quist, Jonas Salling; Stallknecht, Bente Merete.

I: British Journal of Sports Medicine, Bind 53, Nr. 18, 09.2019, s. 1183-1192.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Blond, MB, Rosenkilde, M, Gram, AS, Tindborg, M, Christensen, AN, Quist, JS & Stallknecht, BM 2019, 'How does 6 months of active bike commuting or leisure-time exercise affect insulin sensitivity, cardiorespiratory fitness and intra-abdominal fat? A randomised controlled trial in individuals with overweight and obesity', British Journal of Sports Medicine, bind 53, nr. 18, s. 1183-1192. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2018-100036

APA

Blond, M. B., Rosenkilde, M., Gram, A. S., Tindborg, M., Christensen, A. N., Quist, J. S., & Stallknecht, B. M. (2019). How does 6 months of active bike commuting or leisure-time exercise affect insulin sensitivity, cardiorespiratory fitness and intra-abdominal fat? A randomised controlled trial in individuals with overweight and obesity. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 53(18), 1183-1192. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2018-100036

Vancouver

Blond MB, Rosenkilde M, Gram AS, Tindborg M, Christensen AN, Quist JS o.a. How does 6 months of active bike commuting or leisure-time exercise affect insulin sensitivity, cardiorespiratory fitness and intra-abdominal fat? A randomised controlled trial in individuals with overweight and obesity. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2019 sep;53(18):1183-1192. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2018-100036

Author

Blond, Martin Baek ; Rosenkilde, Mads ; Gram, Anne Sofie ; Tindborg, Marie ; Christensen, Anders Nymark ; Quist, Jonas Salling ; Stallknecht, Bente Merete. / How does 6 months of active bike commuting or leisure-time exercise affect insulin sensitivity, cardiorespiratory fitness and intra-abdominal fat? A randomised controlled trial in individuals with overweight and obesity. I: British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2019 ; Bind 53, Nr. 18. s. 1183-1192.

Bibtex

@article{372a074530244addaed142b446a262cb,
title = "How does 6 months of active bike commuting or leisure-time exercise affect insulin sensitivity, cardiorespiratory fitness and intra-abdominal fat? A randomised controlled trial in individuals with overweight and obesity",
abstract = "Objectives To evaluate effects of active bike commuting or leisure-time exercise of two intensities on peripheral insulin sensitivity (primary outcome), cardiorespiratory fitness and intra-abdominal adipose tissue mass (secondary outcomes). Methods 188 physically inactive, healthy women and men (20-45 years) with overweight or class 1 obesity were recruited. In the 6-month trial, 130 participants were randomised to either: no intervention (CON), active commuting (BIKE) or leisure-time exercise of moderate (MOD, 50{\%} VO(2)peak) or vigorous (VIG, 70{\%} VO(2)peak) intensity. 100 completed follow-up testing. Exercise prescription was 5 days/week with a weekly exercise energy expenditure of 1600 kcal for women and 2100 kcal for men. Testing was performed at baseline, 3 months and 6 months. Results Peripheral insulin sensitivity (ml/min/pmol insulin/L) increased (improved) by 24{\%} (95{\%} CI 6{\%} to 46{\%}, p=0.01) in VIG compared with CON at 3 months. Peripheral insulin sensitivity increased (improved) by 20{\%} in BIKE (95{\%} CI 1{\%} to 43{\%}, p=0.04) and 26{\%} in VIG (95{\%} CI 7{\%} to 47{\%}, p<0.01) compared with CON at 6 months. Cardiorespiratory fitness increased in all exercise groups compared with CON at 6 months; but the increase was higher in those that undertook vigorous exercise than those who did moderate exercise. Intra-abdominal adipose tissue mass diminished across all exercise groups in comparison to CON at 6 months. Conclusions Active bike commuting improved cardiometabolic health; as did leisure-time exercise. Leisure-time exercise of vigorous intensity conferred more rapid effects on peripheral insulin sensitivity as well as additional effects on cardiorespiratory fitness than did moderate intensity exercise.",
author = "Blond, {Martin Baek} and Mads Rosenkilde and Gram, {Anne Sofie} and Marie Tindborg and Christensen, {Anders Nymark} and Quist, {Jonas Salling} and Stallknecht, {Bente Merete}",
year = "2019",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1136/bjsports-2018-100036",
language = "English",
volume = "53",
pages = "1183--1192",
journal = "British Journal of Sports Medicine",
issn = "0306-3674",
publisher = "B M J Group",
number = "18",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - How does 6 months of active bike commuting or leisure-time exercise affect insulin sensitivity, cardiorespiratory fitness and intra-abdominal fat? A randomised controlled trial in individuals with overweight and obesity

AU - Blond, Martin Baek

AU - Rosenkilde, Mads

AU - Gram, Anne Sofie

AU - Tindborg, Marie

AU - Christensen, Anders Nymark

AU - Quist, Jonas Salling

AU - Stallknecht, Bente Merete

PY - 2019/9

Y1 - 2019/9

N2 - Objectives To evaluate effects of active bike commuting or leisure-time exercise of two intensities on peripheral insulin sensitivity (primary outcome), cardiorespiratory fitness and intra-abdominal adipose tissue mass (secondary outcomes). Methods 188 physically inactive, healthy women and men (20-45 years) with overweight or class 1 obesity were recruited. In the 6-month trial, 130 participants were randomised to either: no intervention (CON), active commuting (BIKE) or leisure-time exercise of moderate (MOD, 50% VO(2)peak) or vigorous (VIG, 70% VO(2)peak) intensity. 100 completed follow-up testing. Exercise prescription was 5 days/week with a weekly exercise energy expenditure of 1600 kcal for women and 2100 kcal for men. Testing was performed at baseline, 3 months and 6 months. Results Peripheral insulin sensitivity (ml/min/pmol insulin/L) increased (improved) by 24% (95% CI 6% to 46%, p=0.01) in VIG compared with CON at 3 months. Peripheral insulin sensitivity increased (improved) by 20% in BIKE (95% CI 1% to 43%, p=0.04) and 26% in VIG (95% CI 7% to 47%, p<0.01) compared with CON at 6 months. Cardiorespiratory fitness increased in all exercise groups compared with CON at 6 months; but the increase was higher in those that undertook vigorous exercise than those who did moderate exercise. Intra-abdominal adipose tissue mass diminished across all exercise groups in comparison to CON at 6 months. Conclusions Active bike commuting improved cardiometabolic health; as did leisure-time exercise. Leisure-time exercise of vigorous intensity conferred more rapid effects on peripheral insulin sensitivity as well as additional effects on cardiorespiratory fitness than did moderate intensity exercise.

AB - Objectives To evaluate effects of active bike commuting or leisure-time exercise of two intensities on peripheral insulin sensitivity (primary outcome), cardiorespiratory fitness and intra-abdominal adipose tissue mass (secondary outcomes). Methods 188 physically inactive, healthy women and men (20-45 years) with overweight or class 1 obesity were recruited. In the 6-month trial, 130 participants were randomised to either: no intervention (CON), active commuting (BIKE) or leisure-time exercise of moderate (MOD, 50% VO(2)peak) or vigorous (VIG, 70% VO(2)peak) intensity. 100 completed follow-up testing. Exercise prescription was 5 days/week with a weekly exercise energy expenditure of 1600 kcal for women and 2100 kcal for men. Testing was performed at baseline, 3 months and 6 months. Results Peripheral insulin sensitivity (ml/min/pmol insulin/L) increased (improved) by 24% (95% CI 6% to 46%, p=0.01) in VIG compared with CON at 3 months. Peripheral insulin sensitivity increased (improved) by 20% in BIKE (95% CI 1% to 43%, p=0.04) and 26% in VIG (95% CI 7% to 47%, p<0.01) compared with CON at 6 months. Cardiorespiratory fitness increased in all exercise groups compared with CON at 6 months; but the increase was higher in those that undertook vigorous exercise than those who did moderate exercise. Intra-abdominal adipose tissue mass diminished across all exercise groups in comparison to CON at 6 months. Conclusions Active bike commuting improved cardiometabolic health; as did leisure-time exercise. Leisure-time exercise of vigorous intensity conferred more rapid effects on peripheral insulin sensitivity as well as additional effects on cardiorespiratory fitness than did moderate intensity exercise.

U2 - 10.1136/bjsports-2018-100036

DO - 10.1136/bjsports-2018-100036

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 30878970

VL - 53

SP - 1183

EP - 1192

JO - British Journal of Sports Medicine

JF - British Journal of Sports Medicine

SN - 0306-3674

IS - 18

ER -

ID: 230790992