Glucose stimulates neurotensin secretion from the rat small intestine by mechanisms involving SGLT1 and GLUT2 leading to cell depolarization and calcium influx

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Glucose stimulates neurotensin secretion from the rat small intestine by mechanisms involving SGLT1 and GLUT2 leading to cell depolarization and calcium influx. / Kuhre, Rune Ehrenreich; Bechmann, Louise Ellegaard; Hartmann, Bolette; Albrechtsen, Nicolai Jacob Wewer; Holst, Jens Juul.

I: American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism, Bind 308, Nr. 12, 21.04.2015, s. E1123–E1130.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Kuhre, RE, Bechmann, LE, Hartmann, B, Albrechtsen, NJW & Holst, JJ 2015, 'Glucose stimulates neurotensin secretion from the rat small intestine by mechanisms involving SGLT1 and GLUT2 leading to cell depolarization and calcium influx', American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism, bind 308, nr. 12, s. E1123–E1130. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpendo.00012.2015

APA

Kuhre, R. E., Bechmann, L. E., Hartmann, B., Albrechtsen, N. J. W., & Holst, J. J. (2015). Glucose stimulates neurotensin secretion from the rat small intestine by mechanisms involving SGLT1 and GLUT2 leading to cell depolarization and calcium influx. American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism, 308(12), E1123–E1130. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpendo.00012.2015

Vancouver

Kuhre RE, Bechmann LE, Hartmann B, Albrechtsen NJW, Holst JJ. Glucose stimulates neurotensin secretion from the rat small intestine by mechanisms involving SGLT1 and GLUT2 leading to cell depolarization and calcium influx. American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2015 apr 21;308(12):E1123–E1130. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpendo.00012.2015

Author

Kuhre, Rune Ehrenreich ; Bechmann, Louise Ellegaard ; Hartmann, Bolette ; Albrechtsen, Nicolai Jacob Wewer ; Holst, Jens Juul. / Glucose stimulates neurotensin secretion from the rat small intestine by mechanisms involving SGLT1 and GLUT2 leading to cell depolarization and calcium influx. I: American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2015 ; Bind 308, Nr. 12. s. E1123–E1130.

Bibtex

@article{0b1ddabeb3914efdae3ee41d24d92994,
title = "Glucose stimulates neurotensin secretion from the rat small intestine by mechanisms involving SGLT1 and GLUT2 leading to cell depolarization and calcium influx",
abstract = "Neurotensin (NT) is a neurohormone produced in the central nervous system and in the gut epithelium by the enteroendocrine N cell. NT may play a role in appetite regulation and may have potential in obesity treatment. Glucose ingestion stimulates NT secretion in healthy young humans, but the mechanisms involved are not well understood. Here, we show that rats express NT in the gut and that glucose gavage stimulates secretion similarly to oral glucose in humans. Therefore, we conducted experiments on isolated perfused rat small intestine with a view to characterize the cellular pathways of secretion. Luminal glucose (20% wt/vol) stimulated secretion but vascular glucose (5, 10, or 15 mmol/l) was without effect. The underlying mechanisms depend on membrane depolarization and calcium influx, since the voltage-gated calcium channel inhibitor nifedipine and the KATP channel opener diazoxide, which causes hyperpolarization, eliminated the response. Luminal inhibition of the sodium-glucose cotransporter 1 (SGLT1) (by phloridzin) eliminated glucose-stimulated release as well as secretion stimulated by luminal methyl-α-d-glucopyranoside (20% wt/vol), a metabolically inactive SGLT1 substrate, suggesting that glucose stimulates secretion by initial uptake by this transporter. However, secretion was also sensitive to GLUT2 inhibition (by phloretin) and blockage of oxidative phosphorylation (2-4-dinitrophenol). Direct KATP channel closure by sulfonylureas stimulated secretion. Therefore, glucose stimulates NT secretion by uptake through SGLT1 and GLUT2, both causing depolarization either as a consequence of sodium-coupled uptake (SGLT1) or by closure of KATP channels (GLUT2 and SGLT1) secondary to the ATP-generating metabolism of glucose.",
author = "Kuhre, {Rune Ehrenreich} and Bechmann, {Louise Ellegaard} and Bolette Hartmann and Albrechtsen, {Nicolai Jacob Wewer} and Holst, {Jens Juul}",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2015, American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism.",
year = "2015",
month = apr,
day = "21",
doi = "10.1152/ajpendo.00012.2015",
language = "English",
volume = "308",
pages = "E1123–E1130",
journal = "American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism",
issn = "0193-1849",
publisher = "American Physiological Society",
number = "12",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Glucose stimulates neurotensin secretion from the rat small intestine by mechanisms involving SGLT1 and GLUT2 leading to cell depolarization and calcium influx

AU - Kuhre, Rune Ehrenreich

AU - Bechmann, Louise Ellegaard

AU - Hartmann, Bolette

AU - Albrechtsen, Nicolai Jacob Wewer

AU - Holst, Jens Juul

N1 - Copyright © 2015, American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism.

PY - 2015/4/21

Y1 - 2015/4/21

N2 - Neurotensin (NT) is a neurohormone produced in the central nervous system and in the gut epithelium by the enteroendocrine N cell. NT may play a role in appetite regulation and may have potential in obesity treatment. Glucose ingestion stimulates NT secretion in healthy young humans, but the mechanisms involved are not well understood. Here, we show that rats express NT in the gut and that glucose gavage stimulates secretion similarly to oral glucose in humans. Therefore, we conducted experiments on isolated perfused rat small intestine with a view to characterize the cellular pathways of secretion. Luminal glucose (20% wt/vol) stimulated secretion but vascular glucose (5, 10, or 15 mmol/l) was without effect. The underlying mechanisms depend on membrane depolarization and calcium influx, since the voltage-gated calcium channel inhibitor nifedipine and the KATP channel opener diazoxide, which causes hyperpolarization, eliminated the response. Luminal inhibition of the sodium-glucose cotransporter 1 (SGLT1) (by phloridzin) eliminated glucose-stimulated release as well as secretion stimulated by luminal methyl-α-d-glucopyranoside (20% wt/vol), a metabolically inactive SGLT1 substrate, suggesting that glucose stimulates secretion by initial uptake by this transporter. However, secretion was also sensitive to GLUT2 inhibition (by phloretin) and blockage of oxidative phosphorylation (2-4-dinitrophenol). Direct KATP channel closure by sulfonylureas stimulated secretion. Therefore, glucose stimulates NT secretion by uptake through SGLT1 and GLUT2, both causing depolarization either as a consequence of sodium-coupled uptake (SGLT1) or by closure of KATP channels (GLUT2 and SGLT1) secondary to the ATP-generating metabolism of glucose.

AB - Neurotensin (NT) is a neurohormone produced in the central nervous system and in the gut epithelium by the enteroendocrine N cell. NT may play a role in appetite regulation and may have potential in obesity treatment. Glucose ingestion stimulates NT secretion in healthy young humans, but the mechanisms involved are not well understood. Here, we show that rats express NT in the gut and that glucose gavage stimulates secretion similarly to oral glucose in humans. Therefore, we conducted experiments on isolated perfused rat small intestine with a view to characterize the cellular pathways of secretion. Luminal glucose (20% wt/vol) stimulated secretion but vascular glucose (5, 10, or 15 mmol/l) was without effect. The underlying mechanisms depend on membrane depolarization and calcium influx, since the voltage-gated calcium channel inhibitor nifedipine and the KATP channel opener diazoxide, which causes hyperpolarization, eliminated the response. Luminal inhibition of the sodium-glucose cotransporter 1 (SGLT1) (by phloridzin) eliminated glucose-stimulated release as well as secretion stimulated by luminal methyl-α-d-glucopyranoside (20% wt/vol), a metabolically inactive SGLT1 substrate, suggesting that glucose stimulates secretion by initial uptake by this transporter. However, secretion was also sensitive to GLUT2 inhibition (by phloretin) and blockage of oxidative phosphorylation (2-4-dinitrophenol). Direct KATP channel closure by sulfonylureas stimulated secretion. Therefore, glucose stimulates NT secretion by uptake through SGLT1 and GLUT2, both causing depolarization either as a consequence of sodium-coupled uptake (SGLT1) or by closure of KATP channels (GLUT2 and SGLT1) secondary to the ATP-generating metabolism of glucose.

U2 - 10.1152/ajpendo.00012.2015

DO - 10.1152/ajpendo.00012.2015

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 25898949

VL - 308

SP - E1123–E1130

JO - American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism

JF - American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism

SN - 0193-1849

IS - 12

ER -

ID: 136673179