Gait variability and motor control in people with knee osteoarthritis

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Gait variability and motor control in people with knee osteoarthritis. / Alkjaer, Tine; Raffalt, Peter C; Dalsgaard, Helle; Simonsen, Erik B; Petersen, Nicolas C; Bliddal, Henning; Henriksen, Marius.

I: Gait & Posture, Bind 42, Nr. 4, 07.08.2015, s. 479-84.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Alkjaer, T, Raffalt, PC, Dalsgaard, H, Simonsen, EB, Petersen, NC, Bliddal, H & Henriksen, M 2015, 'Gait variability and motor control in people with knee osteoarthritis', Gait & Posture, bind 42, nr. 4, s. 479-84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2015.07.063

APA

Alkjaer, T., Raffalt, P. C., Dalsgaard, H., Simonsen, E. B., Petersen, N. C., Bliddal, H., & Henriksen, M. (2015). Gait variability and motor control in people with knee osteoarthritis. Gait & Posture, 42(4), 479-84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2015.07.063

Vancouver

Alkjaer T, Raffalt PC, Dalsgaard H, Simonsen EB, Petersen NC, Bliddal H o.a. Gait variability and motor control in people with knee osteoarthritis. Gait & Posture. 2015 aug 7;42(4):479-84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2015.07.063

Author

Alkjaer, Tine ; Raffalt, Peter C ; Dalsgaard, Helle ; Simonsen, Erik B ; Petersen, Nicolas C ; Bliddal, Henning ; Henriksen, Marius. / Gait variability and motor control in people with knee osteoarthritis. I: Gait & Posture. 2015 ; Bind 42, Nr. 4. s. 479-84.

Bibtex

@article{faebe39eb9204054a1a81025a324bbe1,
title = "Gait variability and motor control in people with knee osteoarthritis",
abstract = "Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a common disease that impairs walking ability and function. We compared the temporal gait variability and motor control in people with knee OA with healthy controls. The purpose was to test the hypothesis that the temporal gait variability would reflect a more stereotypic pattern in people with knee OA compared with healthy age-matched subjects. To assess the gait variability the temporal structure of the ankle and knee joint kinematics was quantified by the largest Lyapunov exponent and the stride time fluctuations were quantified by sample entropy and detrended fluctuation analysis. The motor control was assessed by the soleus (SO) Hoffmann (H)-reflex modulation and muscle co-activation during walking. The results showed no statistically significant mean group differences in any of the gait variability measures or muscle co-activation levels. The SO H-reflex amplitude was significantly higher in the knee OA group around heel strike when compared with the controls. The mean group difference in the H-reflex in the initial part of the stance phase (control-knee OA) was -6.6{\%} Mmax (95{\%} CI: -10.4 to -2.7, p=0.041). The present OA group reported relatively small impact of their disease. These results suggest that the OA group in general sustained a normal gait pattern with natural variability but with suggestions of facilitated SO H-reflex in the swing to stance phase transition. We speculate that the difference in SO H-reflex modulation reflects that the OA group increased the excitability of the soleus stretch reflex as a preparatory mechanism to avoid sudden collapse of the knee joint which is not uncommon in knee OA.",
author = "Tine Alkjaer and Raffalt, {Peter C} and Helle Dalsgaard and Simonsen, {Erik B} and Petersen, {Nicolas C} and Henning Bliddal and Marius Henriksen",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
year = "2015",
month = "8",
day = "7",
doi = "10.1016/j.gaitpost.2015.07.063",
language = "English",
volume = "42",
pages = "479--84",
journal = "Gait & Posture",
issn = "0966-6362",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gait variability and motor control in people with knee osteoarthritis

AU - Alkjaer, Tine

AU - Raffalt, Peter C

AU - Dalsgaard, Helle

AU - Simonsen, Erik B

AU - Petersen, Nicolas C

AU - Bliddal, Henning

AU - Henriksen, Marius

N1 - Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PY - 2015/8/7

Y1 - 2015/8/7

N2 - Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a common disease that impairs walking ability and function. We compared the temporal gait variability and motor control in people with knee OA with healthy controls. The purpose was to test the hypothesis that the temporal gait variability would reflect a more stereotypic pattern in people with knee OA compared with healthy age-matched subjects. To assess the gait variability the temporal structure of the ankle and knee joint kinematics was quantified by the largest Lyapunov exponent and the stride time fluctuations were quantified by sample entropy and detrended fluctuation analysis. The motor control was assessed by the soleus (SO) Hoffmann (H)-reflex modulation and muscle co-activation during walking. The results showed no statistically significant mean group differences in any of the gait variability measures or muscle co-activation levels. The SO H-reflex amplitude was significantly higher in the knee OA group around heel strike when compared with the controls. The mean group difference in the H-reflex in the initial part of the stance phase (control-knee OA) was -6.6% Mmax (95% CI: -10.4 to -2.7, p=0.041). The present OA group reported relatively small impact of their disease. These results suggest that the OA group in general sustained a normal gait pattern with natural variability but with suggestions of facilitated SO H-reflex in the swing to stance phase transition. We speculate that the difference in SO H-reflex modulation reflects that the OA group increased the excitability of the soleus stretch reflex as a preparatory mechanism to avoid sudden collapse of the knee joint which is not uncommon in knee OA.

AB - Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a common disease that impairs walking ability and function. We compared the temporal gait variability and motor control in people with knee OA with healthy controls. The purpose was to test the hypothesis that the temporal gait variability would reflect a more stereotypic pattern in people with knee OA compared with healthy age-matched subjects. To assess the gait variability the temporal structure of the ankle and knee joint kinematics was quantified by the largest Lyapunov exponent and the stride time fluctuations were quantified by sample entropy and detrended fluctuation analysis. The motor control was assessed by the soleus (SO) Hoffmann (H)-reflex modulation and muscle co-activation during walking. The results showed no statistically significant mean group differences in any of the gait variability measures or muscle co-activation levels. The SO H-reflex amplitude was significantly higher in the knee OA group around heel strike when compared with the controls. The mean group difference in the H-reflex in the initial part of the stance phase (control-knee OA) was -6.6% Mmax (95% CI: -10.4 to -2.7, p=0.041). The present OA group reported relatively small impact of their disease. These results suggest that the OA group in general sustained a normal gait pattern with natural variability but with suggestions of facilitated SO H-reflex in the swing to stance phase transition. We speculate that the difference in SO H-reflex modulation reflects that the OA group increased the excitability of the soleus stretch reflex as a preparatory mechanism to avoid sudden collapse of the knee joint which is not uncommon in knee OA.

U2 - 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2015.07.063

DO - 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2015.07.063

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 26282046

VL - 42

SP - 479

EP - 484

JO - Gait & Posture

JF - Gait & Posture

SN - 0966-6362

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 143317370