Exercise for the prevention of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women: an evidence-based guide to the optimal prescription

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Dokumenter

Robin M Daly, Jack Dalla Via, Rachel L Duckham, Steve F Fraser, Eva Wulff Helge

Background: Osteoporosis and related fragility fractures are a global public health problem in which pharmaceutical agents targeting bone mineral density (BMD) are the first line of treatment. However, pharmaceuticals have no effect on improving other key fracture risk factors, including low muscle strength, power and functional capacity, all of which are associated with an increased risk for falls and fracture, independent of BMD. Targeted exercise training is the only strategy that can simultaneously improve multiple skeletal and fall-related risk factors, but it must be appropriately prescribed and tailored to the desired outcome(s) and the specified target group.

Objectives: In this review, we provide an overview of the general principles of training and specific loading characteristics underlying current exercise guidelines for the prevention of osteoporosis, and an update on the latest scientific evidence with regard to the type and dose of exercise shown to positively influence bone mass, structure and strength and reduce fracture risk in postmenopausal women.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftBrazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Vol/bind23
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)170-180
Antal sider11
ISSN1413-3555
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2019

Bibliografisk note

CURIS 2019 NEXS 107

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