Exercise and training effects on ceramide metabolism in human skeletal muscle.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Standard

Exercise and training effects on ceramide metabolism in human skeletal muscle. / Helge, Jørn Wulff; Dobrzyn, Agnieszka; Saltin, Bengt; Gorski, Jan.

I: Experimental Physiology, Bind 89, Nr. 1, 2004, s. 119-27.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Helge, JW, Dobrzyn, A, Saltin, B & Gorski, J 2004, 'Exercise and training effects on ceramide metabolism in human skeletal muscle.', Experimental Physiology, bind 89, nr. 1, s. 119-27.

APA

Helge, J. W., Dobrzyn, A., Saltin, B., & Gorski, J. (2004). Exercise and training effects on ceramide metabolism in human skeletal muscle. Experimental Physiology, 89(1), 119-27.

Vancouver

Helge JW, Dobrzyn A, Saltin B, Gorski J. Exercise and training effects on ceramide metabolism in human skeletal muscle. Experimental Physiology. 2004;89(1):119-27.

Author

Helge, Jørn Wulff ; Dobrzyn, Agnieszka ; Saltin, Bengt ; Gorski, Jan. / Exercise and training effects on ceramide metabolism in human skeletal muscle. I: Experimental Physiology. 2004 ; Bind 89, Nr. 1. s. 119-27.

Bibtex

@article{a5d4c020ab5b11ddb5e9000ea68e967b,
title = "Exercise and training effects on ceramide metabolism in human skeletal muscle.",
abstract = "In rat skeletal muscle prolonged exercise affects the content and composition of ceramides, but in human skeletal muscle no data are available on this compound. Our aim was to examine the content of ceramide- and sphingomyelin fatty acids and neutral, Mg(2+)-dependent sphingomyelinase activity in skeletal muscle in untrained and trained subjects before and after prolonged exercise. Healthy male subjects were recruited into an untrained (n = 8, VO2,max 3.8 +/- 0.2 1 min1) and a trained (n = 8, Vo2,max 5.1 +/- 0.1 1 min2) group. Before and after a 3-h exercise bout (58 +/- 1{\%} VO2,max) a muscle biopsy was excised from the vastus lateralis. Ceramide and sphingomyelin were isolated using thin-layer chromatography. The content of individual ceramide fatty acids and sphingomyelin fatty acids was measured by means of gas-liquid chromatography. The activity of neutral, Mg(2+)-dependent sphingomyelinase was measured using N-[14CH3]-sphingomyelin as a substrate. Prior to exercise, the muscle total ceramide fatty acid content in both groups was similar (201 +/- 18 and 197 +/- 9 nmol g(-1) in the untrained and trained group, respectively) and after exercise a 25{\%} increase in the content was observed in each group. At rest, the muscle total sphingomyelin fatty acid content was higher in untrained than in trained subjects (456 +/- 10, 407 +/- 7 nmol g(-1), respectively; P < 0.05). After exercise a 20{\%} increase (P < 0.05) in total sphingomyelin was observed only in the trained subjects. The muscle neutral, Mg(2+)-dependent sphingomyelinase activity was similar in the two groups at rest and a similar reduction was observed after exercise in both groups (untrained from 2.19 +/- 0.08 to 1.78 +/- 0.08 and trained from 2.31 +/- 0.12 to 1.80 +/- 0.09 nmol (mg protein) (-1) h(-1); P < 0.05 in each case). In conclusion, we have reported, for the first time, the values for ceramide fatty acid content and neutral, Mg2(+)-dependent sphingomyelinase activity in human skeletal muscle. The results indicate that acute prolonged exercise affects ceramide metabolism in human skeletal muscle both in untrained and in trained subjects and this may influence muscle cell adaptation and metabolism.",
author = "Helge, {J{\o}rn Wulff} and Agnieszka Dobrzyn and Bengt Saltin and Jan Gorski",
note = "Keywords: Adaptation, Physiological; Adult; Ceramides; Exercise; Fatty Acids; Heart Rate; Humans; Magnesium; Male; Muscle, Skeletal; Oxygen Consumption; Sphingomyelin Phosphodiesterase",
year = "2004",
language = "English",
volume = "89",
pages = "119--27",
journal = "Experimental Physiology",
issn = "0958-0670",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Exercise and training effects on ceramide metabolism in human skeletal muscle.

AU - Helge, Jørn Wulff

AU - Dobrzyn, Agnieszka

AU - Saltin, Bengt

AU - Gorski, Jan

N1 - Keywords: Adaptation, Physiological; Adult; Ceramides; Exercise; Fatty Acids; Heart Rate; Humans; Magnesium; Male; Muscle, Skeletal; Oxygen Consumption; Sphingomyelin Phosphodiesterase

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - In rat skeletal muscle prolonged exercise affects the content and composition of ceramides, but in human skeletal muscle no data are available on this compound. Our aim was to examine the content of ceramide- and sphingomyelin fatty acids and neutral, Mg(2+)-dependent sphingomyelinase activity in skeletal muscle in untrained and trained subjects before and after prolonged exercise. Healthy male subjects were recruited into an untrained (n = 8, VO2,max 3.8 +/- 0.2 1 min1) and a trained (n = 8, Vo2,max 5.1 +/- 0.1 1 min2) group. Before and after a 3-h exercise bout (58 +/- 1% VO2,max) a muscle biopsy was excised from the vastus lateralis. Ceramide and sphingomyelin were isolated using thin-layer chromatography. The content of individual ceramide fatty acids and sphingomyelin fatty acids was measured by means of gas-liquid chromatography. The activity of neutral, Mg(2+)-dependent sphingomyelinase was measured using N-[14CH3]-sphingomyelin as a substrate. Prior to exercise, the muscle total ceramide fatty acid content in both groups was similar (201 +/- 18 and 197 +/- 9 nmol g(-1) in the untrained and trained group, respectively) and after exercise a 25% increase in the content was observed in each group. At rest, the muscle total sphingomyelin fatty acid content was higher in untrained than in trained subjects (456 +/- 10, 407 +/- 7 nmol g(-1), respectively; P < 0.05). After exercise a 20% increase (P < 0.05) in total sphingomyelin was observed only in the trained subjects. The muscle neutral, Mg(2+)-dependent sphingomyelinase activity was similar in the two groups at rest and a similar reduction was observed after exercise in both groups (untrained from 2.19 +/- 0.08 to 1.78 +/- 0.08 and trained from 2.31 +/- 0.12 to 1.80 +/- 0.09 nmol (mg protein) (-1) h(-1); P < 0.05 in each case). In conclusion, we have reported, for the first time, the values for ceramide fatty acid content and neutral, Mg2(+)-dependent sphingomyelinase activity in human skeletal muscle. The results indicate that acute prolonged exercise affects ceramide metabolism in human skeletal muscle both in untrained and in trained subjects and this may influence muscle cell adaptation and metabolism.

AB - In rat skeletal muscle prolonged exercise affects the content and composition of ceramides, but in human skeletal muscle no data are available on this compound. Our aim was to examine the content of ceramide- and sphingomyelin fatty acids and neutral, Mg(2+)-dependent sphingomyelinase activity in skeletal muscle in untrained and trained subjects before and after prolonged exercise. Healthy male subjects were recruited into an untrained (n = 8, VO2,max 3.8 +/- 0.2 1 min1) and a trained (n = 8, Vo2,max 5.1 +/- 0.1 1 min2) group. Before and after a 3-h exercise bout (58 +/- 1% VO2,max) a muscle biopsy was excised from the vastus lateralis. Ceramide and sphingomyelin were isolated using thin-layer chromatography. The content of individual ceramide fatty acids and sphingomyelin fatty acids was measured by means of gas-liquid chromatography. The activity of neutral, Mg(2+)-dependent sphingomyelinase was measured using N-[14CH3]-sphingomyelin as a substrate. Prior to exercise, the muscle total ceramide fatty acid content in both groups was similar (201 +/- 18 and 197 +/- 9 nmol g(-1) in the untrained and trained group, respectively) and after exercise a 25% increase in the content was observed in each group. At rest, the muscle total sphingomyelin fatty acid content was higher in untrained than in trained subjects (456 +/- 10, 407 +/- 7 nmol g(-1), respectively; P < 0.05). After exercise a 20% increase (P < 0.05) in total sphingomyelin was observed only in the trained subjects. The muscle neutral, Mg(2+)-dependent sphingomyelinase activity was similar in the two groups at rest and a similar reduction was observed after exercise in both groups (untrained from 2.19 +/- 0.08 to 1.78 +/- 0.08 and trained from 2.31 +/- 0.12 to 1.80 +/- 0.09 nmol (mg protein) (-1) h(-1); P < 0.05 in each case). In conclusion, we have reported, for the first time, the values for ceramide fatty acid content and neutral, Mg2(+)-dependent sphingomyelinase activity in human skeletal muscle. The results indicate that acute prolonged exercise affects ceramide metabolism in human skeletal muscle both in untrained and in trained subjects and this may influence muscle cell adaptation and metabolism.

M3 - Journal article

VL - 89

SP - 119

EP - 127

JO - Experimental Physiology

JF - Experimental Physiology

SN - 0958-0670

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 8419552