Effects of a high-protein/moderate-carbohydrate diet on appetite, gut peptides, and endocannabinoids — A Preview study

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Dokumenter

Lea Tischmann, Mathijs Drummen, Blandine Gatta-Cherifi, Anne Raben, Mikael Fogelholm, Bolette Hartmann, Jens Juul Holst, Isabelle Matias, Daniela Cota, Ronald P Mensink, Joris Peters, Margriet S Westerterp-Plantenga, Tanja C Adam

Favorable eects of a high-protein/moderate-carbohydrate (HP/MCHO) diet after weight loss on body weight management have been shown. To extend these findings, associations between perception of hunger and satiety with endocannabinoids, and with glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and polypeptide YY (PYY) were assessed. At approximately 34 months after weight loss, 22 female and 16 male participants (mean age 64.5 5.9 years; body mass index (BMI) 28.9 3.9 kg/m2) completed a 48 h respiration chamber study. Participants were fed in energy balance with a HP/MCHO diet with 25%:45%:30% or a moderate-protein/high-carbohydrate (MP/HCHO) diet with 15%:55%:30% of energy from protein:carbohydrate:fat. Endocannabinoids and related compounds, relevant postprandial hormones (GLP-1, PYY), hunger, satiety, and ad libitum food intake were assessed. HP/MCHO versus MP/HCHO reduced hunger perception. The lower decremental area under the curve (dAUC) for hunger in the HP/MCHO diet (−56.6% compared to MP, p < 0.05) was associated with the higher AUC for 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) concentrations (p < 0.05). Hunger was inversely associated with PYY in the HP/MCHO group (r = −0.7, p < 0.01). Ad libitum food intake, homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and incremental AUCs for gut peptides were not different between conditions. HP/MCHO versus MP/HCHO diet-induced reduction in hunger was present after 34 months weight maintenance in the post-obese state. HP/MCHO diet-induced decrease of hunger is suggested to interact with increased 2-AG and PYY concentrations.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer2269
TidsskriftNutrients
Vol/bind11
Antal sider16
ISSN2072-6643
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2019

Bibliografisk note

CURIS 2019 NEXS 305

ID: 227696323