Divergent effects of resistance and endurance exercise on plasma bile acids, FGF19, and FGF21 in humans

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Divergent effects of resistance and endurance exercise on plasma bile acids, FGF19, and FGF21 in humans. / Morville, Thomas; Sahl, Ronni E; Trammell, Samuel A.J.; Svenningsen, Jens S.; Gillum, Matthew P; Helge, Jørn W.; Clemmensen, Christoffer.

I: JCI Insight, Bind 3, Nr. 15, e122737, 2018, s. 1-13.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Morville, T, Sahl, RE, Trammell, SAJ, Svenningsen, JS, Gillum, MP, Helge, JW & Clemmensen, C 2018, 'Divergent effects of resistance and endurance exercise on plasma bile acids, FGF19, and FGF21 in humans', JCI Insight, bind 3, nr. 15, e122737, s. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1172/jci.insight.122737

APA

Morville, T., Sahl, R. E., Trammell, S. A. J., Svenningsen, J. S., Gillum, M. P., Helge, J. W., & Clemmensen, C. (2018). Divergent effects of resistance and endurance exercise on plasma bile acids, FGF19, and FGF21 in humans. JCI Insight, 3(15), 1-13. [e122737]. https://doi.org/10.1172/jci.insight.122737

Vancouver

Morville T, Sahl RE, Trammell SAJ, Svenningsen JS, Gillum MP, Helge JW o.a. Divergent effects of resistance and endurance exercise on plasma bile acids, FGF19, and FGF21 in humans. JCI Insight. 2018;3(15):1-13. e122737. https://doi.org/10.1172/jci.insight.122737

Author

Morville, Thomas ; Sahl, Ronni E ; Trammell, Samuel A.J. ; Svenningsen, Jens S. ; Gillum, Matthew P ; Helge, Jørn W. ; Clemmensen, Christoffer. / Divergent effects of resistance and endurance exercise on plasma bile acids, FGF19, and FGF21 in humans. I: JCI Insight. 2018 ; Bind 3, Nr. 15. s. 1-13.

Bibtex

@article{4fa05d5ca0c2486f882146f2d8a4e73e,
title = "Divergent effects of resistance and endurance exercise on plasma bile acids, FGF19, and FGF21 in humans",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Exercise has profound pleiotropic health benefits, yet the underlying mechanisms remain incompletely understood. Endocrine FGF21, bile acids (BAs), and BA-induced FGF19 have emerged as metabolic signaling molecules. Here, we investigated if dissimilar modes of exercise, resistance exercise (RE) and endurance exercise (EE), regulate plasma BAs, FGF19, and FGF21 in humans.METHODS: Ten healthy, moderately trained males were enrolled in a randomized crossover study of 1 hour of bicycling at 70{\%} of VO2peak (EE) and 1 hour of high-volume RE. Hormones and metabolites were measured in venous blood and sampled before and after exercise and at 15, 30, 60, 90, 120, and 180 minutes after exercise.RESULTS: We observed exercise mode-specific changes in plasma concentrations of FGF19 and FGF21. Whereas FGF19 decreased following RE (P < 0.001), FGF21 increased in response to EE (P < 0.001). Total plasma BAs decreased exclusively following RE (P < 0.05), but the composition of BAs changed in response to both types of exercise. Notably, circulating levels of the potent TGR5 receptor agonist, lithocholic acid, increased with both types of exercise (P < 0.001).CONCLUSION: This study reveals divergent effects of EE and RE on circulating concentrations of the BA species, FGF19, and FGF21. We identify temporal relationships between decreased BA and FGF19 following RE and a sharp disparity in FGF21 concentrations, with EE eliciting a clear increase parallel to that of glucagon.FUNDING: The Novo Nordisk Foundation (NNF17OC0026114) and the Lundbeck Foundation (R238-2016-2859).",
author = "Thomas Morville and Sahl, {Ronni E} and Trammell, {Samuel A.J.} and Svenningsen, {Jens S.} and Gillum, {Matthew P} and Helge, {J{\o}rn W.} and Christoffer Clemmensen",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1172/jci.insight.122737",
language = "English",
volume = "3",
pages = "1--13",
journal = "JCI Insight",
issn = "2379-3708",
publisher = "American Society for Clinical Investigation",
number = "15",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Divergent effects of resistance and endurance exercise on plasma bile acids, FGF19, and FGF21 in humans

AU - Morville, Thomas

AU - Sahl, Ronni E

AU - Trammell, Samuel A.J.

AU - Svenningsen, Jens S.

AU - Gillum, Matthew P

AU - Helge, Jørn W.

AU - Clemmensen, Christoffer

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - BACKGROUND: Exercise has profound pleiotropic health benefits, yet the underlying mechanisms remain incompletely understood. Endocrine FGF21, bile acids (BAs), and BA-induced FGF19 have emerged as metabolic signaling molecules. Here, we investigated if dissimilar modes of exercise, resistance exercise (RE) and endurance exercise (EE), regulate plasma BAs, FGF19, and FGF21 in humans.METHODS: Ten healthy, moderately trained males were enrolled in a randomized crossover study of 1 hour of bicycling at 70% of VO2peak (EE) and 1 hour of high-volume RE. Hormones and metabolites were measured in venous blood and sampled before and after exercise and at 15, 30, 60, 90, 120, and 180 minutes after exercise.RESULTS: We observed exercise mode-specific changes in plasma concentrations of FGF19 and FGF21. Whereas FGF19 decreased following RE (P < 0.001), FGF21 increased in response to EE (P < 0.001). Total plasma BAs decreased exclusively following RE (P < 0.05), but the composition of BAs changed in response to both types of exercise. Notably, circulating levels of the potent TGR5 receptor agonist, lithocholic acid, increased with both types of exercise (P < 0.001).CONCLUSION: This study reveals divergent effects of EE and RE on circulating concentrations of the BA species, FGF19, and FGF21. We identify temporal relationships between decreased BA and FGF19 following RE and a sharp disparity in FGF21 concentrations, with EE eliciting a clear increase parallel to that of glucagon.FUNDING: The Novo Nordisk Foundation (NNF17OC0026114) and the Lundbeck Foundation (R238-2016-2859).

AB - BACKGROUND: Exercise has profound pleiotropic health benefits, yet the underlying mechanisms remain incompletely understood. Endocrine FGF21, bile acids (BAs), and BA-induced FGF19 have emerged as metabolic signaling molecules. Here, we investigated if dissimilar modes of exercise, resistance exercise (RE) and endurance exercise (EE), regulate plasma BAs, FGF19, and FGF21 in humans.METHODS: Ten healthy, moderately trained males were enrolled in a randomized crossover study of 1 hour of bicycling at 70% of VO2peak (EE) and 1 hour of high-volume RE. Hormones and metabolites were measured in venous blood and sampled before and after exercise and at 15, 30, 60, 90, 120, and 180 minutes after exercise.RESULTS: We observed exercise mode-specific changes in plasma concentrations of FGF19 and FGF21. Whereas FGF19 decreased following RE (P < 0.001), FGF21 increased in response to EE (P < 0.001). Total plasma BAs decreased exclusively following RE (P < 0.05), but the composition of BAs changed in response to both types of exercise. Notably, circulating levels of the potent TGR5 receptor agonist, lithocholic acid, increased with both types of exercise (P < 0.001).CONCLUSION: This study reveals divergent effects of EE and RE on circulating concentrations of the BA species, FGF19, and FGF21. We identify temporal relationships between decreased BA and FGF19 following RE and a sharp disparity in FGF21 concentrations, with EE eliciting a clear increase parallel to that of glucagon.FUNDING: The Novo Nordisk Foundation (NNF17OC0026114) and the Lundbeck Foundation (R238-2016-2859).

U2 - 10.1172/jci.insight.122737

DO - 10.1172/jci.insight.122737

M3 - Journal article

VL - 3

SP - 1

EP - 13

JO - JCI Insight

JF - JCI Insight

SN - 2379-3708

IS - 15

M1 - e122737

ER -

ID: 203980653