Dairy Intake and Acne Vulgaris: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of 78,529 Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningfagfællebedømt

Standard

Dairy Intake and Acne Vulgaris : A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of 78,529 Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults. / Juhl, Christian R; Bergholdt, Helle K M; Miller, Iben M; Jemec, Gregor B E; Kanters, Jørgen K; Ellervik, Christina.

I: Nutrients, Bind 10, Nr. 8, 1049, 09.08.2018.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Juhl, CR, Bergholdt, HKM, Miller, IM, Jemec, GBE, Kanters, JK & Ellervik, C 2018, 'Dairy Intake and Acne Vulgaris: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of 78,529 Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults', Nutrients, bind 10, nr. 8, 1049. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10081049

APA

Juhl, C. R., Bergholdt, H. K. M., Miller, I. M., Jemec, G. B. E., Kanters, J. K., & Ellervik, C. (2018). Dairy Intake and Acne Vulgaris: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of 78,529 Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults. Nutrients, 10(8), [1049]. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10081049

Vancouver

Juhl CR, Bergholdt HKM, Miller IM, Jemec GBE, Kanters JK, Ellervik C. Dairy Intake and Acne Vulgaris: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of 78,529 Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults. Nutrients. 2018 aug 9;10(8). 1049. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10081049

Author

Juhl, Christian R ; Bergholdt, Helle K M ; Miller, Iben M ; Jemec, Gregor B E ; Kanters, Jørgen K ; Ellervik, Christina. / Dairy Intake and Acne Vulgaris : A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of 78,529 Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults. I: Nutrients. 2018 ; Bind 10, Nr. 8.

Bibtex

@article{9eb9b732cbb6459fb4f146e92549d4fb,
title = "Dairy Intake and Acne Vulgaris: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of 78,529 Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults",
abstract = "A meta-analysis can help inform the debate about the epidemiological evidence on dairy intake and development of acne. A systematic literature search of PubMed from inception to 11 December 2017 was performed to estimate the association of dairy intake and acne in children, adolescents, and young adults in observational studies. We estimated the pooled random effects odds ratio (OR) (95{\%} CI), heterogeneity (I²-statistics, Q-statistics), and publication bias. We included 14 studies (n = 78,529; 23,046 acne-cases/55,483 controls) aged 7⁻30 years. ORs for acne were 1.25 (95{\%} CI: 1.15⁻1.36; p = 6.13 × 10-8) for any dairy, 1.22 (1.08⁻1.38; p = 1.62 × 10-3) for full-fat dairy, 1.28 (1.13⁻1.44; p = 8.23 × 10-5) for any milk, 1.22 (1.06⁻1.41; p = 6.66 × 10-3) for whole milk, 1.32 (1.16⁻1.52; p = 4.33 × 10-5) for low-fat/skim milk, 1.22 (1.00⁻1.50; p = 5.21 × 10-2) for cheese, and 1.36 (1.05⁻1.77; p = 2.21 × 10-2) for yogurt compared to no intake. ORs per frequency of any milk intake were 1.24 (0.95⁻1.62) by 2⁻6 glasses per week, 1.41 (1.05⁻1.90) by 1 glass per day, and 1.43 (1.09⁻1.88) by ≥2 glasses per day compared to intake less than weekly. Adjusted results were attenuated and compared unadjusted. There was publication bias (p = 4.71 × 10-3), and heterogeneity in the meta-analyses were explained by dairy and study characteristics. In conclusion, any dairy, such as milk, yogurt, and cheese, was associated with an increased OR for acne in individuals aged 7⁻30 years. However, results should be interpreted with caution due to heterogeneity and bias across studies.",
keywords = "Acne Vulgaris/diagnosis, Adolescent, Adult, Age Factors, Child, Dairy Products/adverse effects, Female, Humans, Male, Portion Size, Recommended Dietary Allowances, Risk Assessment, Risk Factors, Young Adult",
author = "Juhl, {Christian R} and Bergholdt, {Helle K M} and Miller, {Iben M} and Jemec, {Gregor B E} and Kanters, {J{\o}rgen K} and Christina Ellervik",
year = "2018",
month = "8",
day = "9",
doi = "10.3390/nu10081049",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
journal = "Nutrients",
issn = "2072-6643",
publisher = "M D P I AG",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dairy Intake and Acne Vulgaris

T2 - A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of 78,529 Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults

AU - Juhl, Christian R

AU - Bergholdt, Helle K M

AU - Miller, Iben M

AU - Jemec, Gregor B E

AU - Kanters, Jørgen K

AU - Ellervik, Christina

PY - 2018/8/9

Y1 - 2018/8/9

N2 - A meta-analysis can help inform the debate about the epidemiological evidence on dairy intake and development of acne. A systematic literature search of PubMed from inception to 11 December 2017 was performed to estimate the association of dairy intake and acne in children, adolescents, and young adults in observational studies. We estimated the pooled random effects odds ratio (OR) (95% CI), heterogeneity (I²-statistics, Q-statistics), and publication bias. We included 14 studies (n = 78,529; 23,046 acne-cases/55,483 controls) aged 7⁻30 years. ORs for acne were 1.25 (95% CI: 1.15⁻1.36; p = 6.13 × 10-8) for any dairy, 1.22 (1.08⁻1.38; p = 1.62 × 10-3) for full-fat dairy, 1.28 (1.13⁻1.44; p = 8.23 × 10-5) for any milk, 1.22 (1.06⁻1.41; p = 6.66 × 10-3) for whole milk, 1.32 (1.16⁻1.52; p = 4.33 × 10-5) for low-fat/skim milk, 1.22 (1.00⁻1.50; p = 5.21 × 10-2) for cheese, and 1.36 (1.05⁻1.77; p = 2.21 × 10-2) for yogurt compared to no intake. ORs per frequency of any milk intake were 1.24 (0.95⁻1.62) by 2⁻6 glasses per week, 1.41 (1.05⁻1.90) by 1 glass per day, and 1.43 (1.09⁻1.88) by ≥2 glasses per day compared to intake less than weekly. Adjusted results were attenuated and compared unadjusted. There was publication bias (p = 4.71 × 10-3), and heterogeneity in the meta-analyses were explained by dairy and study characteristics. In conclusion, any dairy, such as milk, yogurt, and cheese, was associated with an increased OR for acne in individuals aged 7⁻30 years. However, results should be interpreted with caution due to heterogeneity and bias across studies.

AB - A meta-analysis can help inform the debate about the epidemiological evidence on dairy intake and development of acne. A systematic literature search of PubMed from inception to 11 December 2017 was performed to estimate the association of dairy intake and acne in children, adolescents, and young adults in observational studies. We estimated the pooled random effects odds ratio (OR) (95% CI), heterogeneity (I²-statistics, Q-statistics), and publication bias. We included 14 studies (n = 78,529; 23,046 acne-cases/55,483 controls) aged 7⁻30 years. ORs for acne were 1.25 (95% CI: 1.15⁻1.36; p = 6.13 × 10-8) for any dairy, 1.22 (1.08⁻1.38; p = 1.62 × 10-3) for full-fat dairy, 1.28 (1.13⁻1.44; p = 8.23 × 10-5) for any milk, 1.22 (1.06⁻1.41; p = 6.66 × 10-3) for whole milk, 1.32 (1.16⁻1.52; p = 4.33 × 10-5) for low-fat/skim milk, 1.22 (1.00⁻1.50; p = 5.21 × 10-2) for cheese, and 1.36 (1.05⁻1.77; p = 2.21 × 10-2) for yogurt compared to no intake. ORs per frequency of any milk intake were 1.24 (0.95⁻1.62) by 2⁻6 glasses per week, 1.41 (1.05⁻1.90) by 1 glass per day, and 1.43 (1.09⁻1.88) by ≥2 glasses per day compared to intake less than weekly. Adjusted results were attenuated and compared unadjusted. There was publication bias (p = 4.71 × 10-3), and heterogeneity in the meta-analyses were explained by dairy and study characteristics. In conclusion, any dairy, such as milk, yogurt, and cheese, was associated with an increased OR for acne in individuals aged 7⁻30 years. However, results should be interpreted with caution due to heterogeneity and bias across studies.

KW - Acne Vulgaris/diagnosis

KW - Adolescent

KW - Adult

KW - Age Factors

KW - Child

KW - Dairy Products/adverse effects

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Portion Size

KW - Recommended Dietary Allowances

KW - Risk Assessment

KW - Risk Factors

KW - Young Adult

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85051405978&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/nu10081049

DO - 10.3390/nu10081049

M3 - Review

C2 - 30096883

VL - 10

JO - Nutrients

JF - Nutrients

SN - 2072-6643

IS - 8

M1 - 1049

ER -

ID: 204296279