Choice of the Ångström-Prescott coefficients: are time-dependent ones better than fixed ones in modelling globat solar irradiance?

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikel

  • Xiaoying Liu
  • Xurong Mei
  • Yuzhong Li
  • John Roy Porter
  • Qingsuo Wang
  • Yanqing Zhang
The Ångström–Prescott (A–P) model is one of the most accurate and widely used empirical methods to estimate global solar irradiance (Rs). In order to use this highly rated model, the first step is to choose its coefficients from literature or to calibrate them in a new locality. This seemingly simple matter can be confusing and difficult due to their large variability and many different calibration approaches. This paper addressed the role of time-dependent nature of these coefficients by comparing the Rs predictions of the simultaneously calibrated monthly, seasonal, bi-annual and annual (fixed) coefficients using data from 20 sites of temperate climate in China. When evaluated by performance indicators of RMSE, RRMSE, MBE, R2 and values of t-statistic, it is demonstrated that time-dependent A–P coefficients are not better than fixed ones in Rs prediction. This indicates that consideration of the time-dependent characteristics of these coefficients has little predictive value and thus unnecessary. The phenomenon can be interpreted by the concept of equifinality and the linearity inherent in the relationship of n/N vs. Rs/Ra. The implication of this study is that it gives more confidence in predictive accuracy of fixed coefficients and contributes to reducing unnecessary complexity of this model and thus easing their choice, calibration and application.
TidsskriftEnergy Conversion and Management
Udgave nummer12
Sider (fra-til)2565-2574
Antal sider10
StatusUdgivet - 2010


  • Det tidligere LIFE - Ångström-Prescott coefficients, Time-dependent, Fixed, Global Solar irradiance

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