An optimized histochemical method to assess skeletal muscle glycogen and lipid stores reveals two metabolically distinct populations of type I muscle fibers

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Standard

An optimized histochemical method to assess skeletal muscle glycogen and lipid stores reveals two metabolically distinct populations of type I muscle fibers. / Prats Gavalda, Clara; Gomez-Cabello, Alba; Nordby, Pernille; Andersen, Jesper Løvind; Helge, Jørn W; Dela, Flemming; Baba, Otto; Ploug, Thorkil.

I: PloS one, Bind 8, Nr. 10, 2013, s. e77774.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Prats Gavalda, C, Gomez-Cabello, A, Nordby, P, Andersen, JL, Helge, JW, Dela, F, Baba, O & Ploug, T 2013, 'An optimized histochemical method to assess skeletal muscle glycogen and lipid stores reveals two metabolically distinct populations of type I muscle fibers', PloS one, bind 8, nr. 10, s. e77774. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0077774

APA

Prats Gavalda, C., Gomez-Cabello, A., Nordby, P., Andersen, J. L., Helge, J. W., Dela, F., ... Ploug, T. (2013). An optimized histochemical method to assess skeletal muscle glycogen and lipid stores reveals two metabolically distinct populations of type I muscle fibers. PloS one, 8(10), e77774. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0077774

Vancouver

Prats Gavalda C, Gomez-Cabello A, Nordby P, Andersen JL, Helge JW, Dela F o.a. An optimized histochemical method to assess skeletal muscle glycogen and lipid stores reveals two metabolically distinct populations of type I muscle fibers. PloS one. 2013;8(10):e77774. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0077774

Author

Prats Gavalda, Clara ; Gomez-Cabello, Alba ; Nordby, Pernille ; Andersen, Jesper Løvind ; Helge, Jørn W ; Dela, Flemming ; Baba, Otto ; Ploug, Thorkil. / An optimized histochemical method to assess skeletal muscle glycogen and lipid stores reveals two metabolically distinct populations of type I muscle fibers. I: PloS one. 2013 ; Bind 8, Nr. 10. s. e77774.

Bibtex

@article{f834e38a8d6a43c6990469ee53966935,
title = "An optimized histochemical method to assess skeletal muscle glycogen and lipid stores reveals two metabolically distinct populations of type I muscle fibers",
abstract = "Skeletal muscle energy metabolism has been a research focus of physiologists for more than a century. Yet, how the use of intramuscular carbohydrate and lipid energy stores are coordinated during different types of exercise remains a subject of debate. Controversy arises from contradicting data from numerous studies, which used different methodological approaches. Here we review the {"}pros and cons{"} of previously used histochemical methods and describe an optimized method to ensure the preservation and specificity of detection of both intramyocellular carbohydrate and lipid stores. For optimal preservation of muscle energy stores, air drying cryosections or cycles of freezing-thawing need to be avoided. Furthermore, optimization of the imaging settings in order to specifically image intracellular lipid droplets stained with oil red O or Bodipy-493/503 is shown. When co-staining lipid droplets with associated proteins, Bodipy-493/503 should be the dye of choice, since oil red O creates precipitates on the lipid droplets blocking the light. In order to increase the specificity of glycogen stain, an antibody against glycogen is used. The resulting method reveals the existence of two metabolically distinct myosin heavy chain I expressing fibers: I-1 fibers have a smaller crossectional area, a higher density of lipid droplets, and a tendency to lower glycogen content compared to I-2 fibers. Type I-2 fibers have similar lipid content than IIA. Exhaustive exercise lead to glycogen depletion in type IIA and IIX fibers, a reduction in lipid droplets density in both type I-1 and I-2 fibers, and a decrease in the size of lipid droplets exclusively in type I-1 fibers.",
author = "{Prats Gavalda}, Clara and Alba Gomez-Cabello and Pernille Nordby and Andersen, {Jesper L{\o}vind} and Helge, {J{\o}rn W} and Flemming Dela and Otto Baba and Thorkil Ploug",
note = "OA",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0077774",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "e77774",
journal = "P L o S One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - An optimized histochemical method to assess skeletal muscle glycogen and lipid stores reveals two metabolically distinct populations of type I muscle fibers

AU - Prats Gavalda, Clara

AU - Gomez-Cabello, Alba

AU - Nordby, Pernille

AU - Andersen, Jesper Løvind

AU - Helge, Jørn W

AU - Dela, Flemming

AU - Baba, Otto

AU - Ploug, Thorkil

N1 - OA

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Skeletal muscle energy metabolism has been a research focus of physiologists for more than a century. Yet, how the use of intramuscular carbohydrate and lipid energy stores are coordinated during different types of exercise remains a subject of debate. Controversy arises from contradicting data from numerous studies, which used different methodological approaches. Here we review the "pros and cons" of previously used histochemical methods and describe an optimized method to ensure the preservation and specificity of detection of both intramyocellular carbohydrate and lipid stores. For optimal preservation of muscle energy stores, air drying cryosections or cycles of freezing-thawing need to be avoided. Furthermore, optimization of the imaging settings in order to specifically image intracellular lipid droplets stained with oil red O or Bodipy-493/503 is shown. When co-staining lipid droplets with associated proteins, Bodipy-493/503 should be the dye of choice, since oil red O creates precipitates on the lipid droplets blocking the light. In order to increase the specificity of glycogen stain, an antibody against glycogen is used. The resulting method reveals the existence of two metabolically distinct myosin heavy chain I expressing fibers: I-1 fibers have a smaller crossectional area, a higher density of lipid droplets, and a tendency to lower glycogen content compared to I-2 fibers. Type I-2 fibers have similar lipid content than IIA. Exhaustive exercise lead to glycogen depletion in type IIA and IIX fibers, a reduction in lipid droplets density in both type I-1 and I-2 fibers, and a decrease in the size of lipid droplets exclusively in type I-1 fibers.

AB - Skeletal muscle energy metabolism has been a research focus of physiologists for more than a century. Yet, how the use of intramuscular carbohydrate and lipid energy stores are coordinated during different types of exercise remains a subject of debate. Controversy arises from contradicting data from numerous studies, which used different methodological approaches. Here we review the "pros and cons" of previously used histochemical methods and describe an optimized method to ensure the preservation and specificity of detection of both intramyocellular carbohydrate and lipid stores. For optimal preservation of muscle energy stores, air drying cryosections or cycles of freezing-thawing need to be avoided. Furthermore, optimization of the imaging settings in order to specifically image intracellular lipid droplets stained with oil red O or Bodipy-493/503 is shown. When co-staining lipid droplets with associated proteins, Bodipy-493/503 should be the dye of choice, since oil red O creates precipitates on the lipid droplets blocking the light. In order to increase the specificity of glycogen stain, an antibody against glycogen is used. The resulting method reveals the existence of two metabolically distinct myosin heavy chain I expressing fibers: I-1 fibers have a smaller crossectional area, a higher density of lipid droplets, and a tendency to lower glycogen content compared to I-2 fibers. Type I-2 fibers have similar lipid content than IIA. Exhaustive exercise lead to glycogen depletion in type IIA and IIX fibers, a reduction in lipid droplets density in both type I-1 and I-2 fibers, and a decrease in the size of lipid droplets exclusively in type I-1 fibers.

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0077774

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0077774

M3 - Journal article

VL - 8

SP - e77774

JO - P L o S One

JF - P L o S One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 10

ER -

ID: 110099180