Adipose tissue mitochondrial respiration and lipolysis before and after a weight loss by diet and RYGB

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Adipose tissue mitochondrial respiration and lipolysis before and after a weight loss by diet and RYGB. / Hansen, Merethe; Lund, Michael T.; Gregers, Emilie; Kraunsøe, Regitze; Van Hall, Gerrit; Helge, Jørn W.; Dela, Flemming.

I: Obesity, Bind 23, Nr. 10, 10.2015, s. 2022-2229.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Hansen, M, Lund, MT, Gregers, E, Kraunsøe, R, Van Hall, G, Helge, JW & Dela, F 2015, 'Adipose tissue mitochondrial respiration and lipolysis before and after a weight loss by diet and RYGB', Obesity, bind 23, nr. 10, s. 2022-2229. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.21223

APA

Hansen, M., Lund, M. T., Gregers, E., Kraunsøe, R., Van Hall, G., Helge, J. W., & Dela, F. (2015). Adipose tissue mitochondrial respiration and lipolysis before and after a weight loss by diet and RYGB. Obesity, 23(10), 2022-2229. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.21223

Vancouver

Hansen M, Lund MT, Gregers E, Kraunsøe R, Van Hall G, Helge JW o.a. Adipose tissue mitochondrial respiration and lipolysis before and after a weight loss by diet and RYGB. Obesity. 2015 okt;23(10):2022-2229. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.21223

Author

Hansen, Merethe ; Lund, Michael T. ; Gregers, Emilie ; Kraunsøe, Regitze ; Van Hall, Gerrit ; Helge, Jørn W. ; Dela, Flemming. / Adipose tissue mitochondrial respiration and lipolysis before and after a weight loss by diet and RYGB. I: Obesity. 2015 ; Bind 23, Nr. 10. s. 2022-2229.

Bibtex

@article{ee9bfb63192d439eb6ffcdc36fed8fc0,
title = "Adipose tissue mitochondrial respiration and lipolysis before and after a weight loss by diet and RYGB",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To study adipose tissue mitochondrial respiration and lipolysis following a massive weight loss.METHODS: High resolution respirometry of adipose tissue biopsies and tracer determined whole body lipolysis. Sixteen obese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and 27 without (OB) were studied following a massive weight loss by diet and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB).RESULTS: The mitochondrial respiratory rates were similar in OB and T2DM, and the mass-specific oxygen flux increased significantly 4 and 18 months post-surgery (P < 0.05). With normalization to mitochondrial content, no differences in oxidative capacity after RYGB were seen. The ratio between the oxidative phosphorylation system capacity (P) and the capacity of the electron transfer system (E) increased 18 months after RYGB in both groups (P < 0.05). Lipolysis per fat mass was similar in the two groups and was increased (P < 0.05) and lipid oxidation during hyperinsulinemia decreased 4 months post-surgery. In T2DM, visceral fat mass was always higher relative to the body fat mass ({\%}) compared to OB.CONCLUSIONS: Adipose tissue mitochondrial respiratory capacity increases with RYGB. Adipocytes adapt to massive weight loss by increasing the phosphorylation system ratio (P/E), suggesting an increased ability to oxidize substrates after RYGB. Lipolysis increases in the short term post-surgery, and insulin sensitivity for suppression of lipolysis increases with RYGB.",
author = "Merethe Hansen and Lund, {Michael T.} and Emilie Gregers and Regitze Krauns{\o}e and {Van Hall}, Gerrit and Helge, {J{\o}rn W.} and Flemming Dela",
note = "{\circledC} 2015 The Obesity Society.",
year = "2015",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1002/oby.21223",
language = "English",
volume = "23",
pages = "2022--2229",
journal = "Obesity",
issn = "1930-7381",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Adipose tissue mitochondrial respiration and lipolysis before and after a weight loss by diet and RYGB

AU - Hansen, Merethe

AU - Lund, Michael T.

AU - Gregers, Emilie

AU - Kraunsøe, Regitze

AU - Van Hall, Gerrit

AU - Helge, Jørn W.

AU - Dela, Flemming

N1 - © 2015 The Obesity Society.

PY - 2015/10

Y1 - 2015/10

N2 - OBJECTIVE: To study adipose tissue mitochondrial respiration and lipolysis following a massive weight loss.METHODS: High resolution respirometry of adipose tissue biopsies and tracer determined whole body lipolysis. Sixteen obese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and 27 without (OB) were studied following a massive weight loss by diet and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB).RESULTS: The mitochondrial respiratory rates were similar in OB and T2DM, and the mass-specific oxygen flux increased significantly 4 and 18 months post-surgery (P < 0.05). With normalization to mitochondrial content, no differences in oxidative capacity after RYGB were seen. The ratio between the oxidative phosphorylation system capacity (P) and the capacity of the electron transfer system (E) increased 18 months after RYGB in both groups (P < 0.05). Lipolysis per fat mass was similar in the two groups and was increased (P < 0.05) and lipid oxidation during hyperinsulinemia decreased 4 months post-surgery. In T2DM, visceral fat mass was always higher relative to the body fat mass (%) compared to OB.CONCLUSIONS: Adipose tissue mitochondrial respiratory capacity increases with RYGB. Adipocytes adapt to massive weight loss by increasing the phosphorylation system ratio (P/E), suggesting an increased ability to oxidize substrates after RYGB. Lipolysis increases in the short term post-surgery, and insulin sensitivity for suppression of lipolysis increases with RYGB.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To study adipose tissue mitochondrial respiration and lipolysis following a massive weight loss.METHODS: High resolution respirometry of adipose tissue biopsies and tracer determined whole body lipolysis. Sixteen obese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and 27 without (OB) were studied following a massive weight loss by diet and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB).RESULTS: The mitochondrial respiratory rates were similar in OB and T2DM, and the mass-specific oxygen flux increased significantly 4 and 18 months post-surgery (P < 0.05). With normalization to mitochondrial content, no differences in oxidative capacity after RYGB were seen. The ratio between the oxidative phosphorylation system capacity (P) and the capacity of the electron transfer system (E) increased 18 months after RYGB in both groups (P < 0.05). Lipolysis per fat mass was similar in the two groups and was increased (P < 0.05) and lipid oxidation during hyperinsulinemia decreased 4 months post-surgery. In T2DM, visceral fat mass was always higher relative to the body fat mass (%) compared to OB.CONCLUSIONS: Adipose tissue mitochondrial respiratory capacity increases with RYGB. Adipocytes adapt to massive weight loss by increasing the phosphorylation system ratio (P/E), suggesting an increased ability to oxidize substrates after RYGB. Lipolysis increases in the short term post-surgery, and insulin sensitivity for suppression of lipolysis increases with RYGB.

U2 - 10.1002/oby.21223

DO - 10.1002/oby.21223

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 26337597

VL - 23

SP - 2022

EP - 2229

JO - Obesity

JF - Obesity

SN - 1930-7381

IS - 10

ER -

ID: 146737671